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Islamic Republic of Iran
			: Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064416.058

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran has received much attention from a geopolitical and regional standpoint, but its economic challenges have not attracted a similar degree of interest. With a population of 69 million, considerable hydrocarbon r...

Mauritius
			: Challenges of Sustained Growth

Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064164.058

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Mauritius has achieved remarkable success since its independence in 1968. It has one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, the economy has diversified from complete dependence on the sugar crop, into textiles,...

Appendix 1: Data Sources and Methodology

Appendix 1: Data Sources and Methodology »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The source for real GDP and investment data for Iran is the latest Central Bank of Iran database; for the rest of the countries, the source is the International Financial Statistics database. The source for...

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Productivity Growth in Iran and its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 (Average annual percentage change, unless otherwise indicated)...

Appendix 3: The Oil Stabilization Fund

Appendix 3: The Oil Stabilization Fund »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The Oil Stabilization Fund (OSF) was established in December 2000 with the objective of insulating the budget from fluctuations in oil prices. The fund was established as a foreign currency account at the ce...

Appendix 4: Subsidies

Appendix 4: Subsidies »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Explicit subsidies include budgetary subsidies to households for essential commodities, such as wheat, rice, oil, sugar, milk, and cheese; imports of medical equipment and pharmaceuticals; fertilizers; and s...

Chapter 1: Economic Growth

Chapter 1: Economic Growth »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran faces the challenge of increasing its growth rate to reduce unemployment and improve the living standards of its population over the medium term. Growth performance in recent years (6 percent during 200...

Chapter 2: The Financial Sector - Issues and Reforms

Chapter 2: The Financial Sector - Issues and Reforms »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The Iranian financial system has evolved through a number of stages since the 1979 revolution. After widespread nationalization in the 1980s, reform of the financial system in the 1990s and 2000s focused on...

Chapter 3: Moving toward a Market-Based Monetary Policy

Chapter 3: Moving toward a Market-Based Monetary Policy »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Reform of the monetary policy framework in Iran is needed in connection with the efforts to liberalize the financial system (Chapter 2) and the authorities’ objective of reducing the inflation rate to single...

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Following a long period of multiple and unstable exchange rates in Iran, the exchange rate was successfully unified in March 2002. Since then, Iran has adopted a managed float exchange rate regime and elimin...