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A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area »

Source: A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Nathaniel Arnold , Bergljot Barkbu , H. Elif Ture , Hou Wang , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484348178

Keywords: Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Euro Area; Fiscal Integration; Macroeconomic Stabilization; Central fiscal capacity; Fiscal policy; Macroeconomic policy mix; Fiscal union;, Fiscal Integration, Macroeconomic Stabilization

This note outlines a concrete proposal for a euro area central fiscal capacity (CFC) that could help smooth both country-specific and common shocks. Specifically, it proposes a macroeconomic stabilization fund fina...

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area Technical Appendix

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area Technical Appendix »

Source: A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Nathaniel Arnold , Bergljot Barkbu , H. Elif Ture , Hou Wang , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484348178

Keywords: Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Euro Area; Fiscal Integration; Macroeconomic Stabilization; Central fiscal capacity; Fiscal policy; Macroeconomic policy mix; Fiscal union;, Fiscal Integration, Macroeconomic Stabilization

This note outlines a concrete proposal for a euro area central fiscal capacity (CFC) that could help smooth both country-specific and common shocks. Specifically, it proposes a macroeconomic stabilization fund fina...

Policy Responses to Capital Flows in Emerging Markets

Policy Responses to Capital Flows in Emerging Markets »

Source: Policy Responses to Capital Flows in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2011/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mahmood Pradhan , Ravi Balakrishnan , Reza Baqir , Geoffrey Heenan , Sylwia Nowak , Ceyda Oner , and Sanjaya Panth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2011

ISBN: 9781463935122

Keywords: Emerging markets, Capital flows, Macroeconomic policies, Macroprudential policies, capital inflows, bond, bond yields, bonds,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Shadow Banking

Shadow Banking »

Source: Shadow Banking : Economics and Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , Lev Ratnovski , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475583588

Keywords: Financial stability, Financial crises, Central banks and their policies, Shadow banking, macroprudential regulation, macroeconomic policy, banking, banking system, bank for international settlements, banking activities

This note outlines the basic economics of the shadow banking system, highlights (systemic) risks related to it, and suggests implications for measurement and regulatory approaches....

The New Normal

The New Normal »

Source: The New Normal : A Sector-level Perspective on Productivity Trends in Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2015/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Si Guo , Vikram Haksar , Minsuk Kim , Kalpana Kochhar , Kevin Wiseman , and Aleksandra Zdzienicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498334181

Keywords: Productivity, structural reforms, growth, structural change, labor, productivity growth, employment, labor productivity, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Government Policy,

Total factor productivity growth was stagnant or slowing in many advanced countries even prior to the crisis. This paper documents sector-level productivity patterns across advanced economies prior to the crisis an...

Policies for Macrofinancial Stability

Policies for Macrofinancial Stability »

Source: Policies for Macrofinancial Stability : How to Deal with Credit Booms

Volume/Issue: 2012/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bas Bakker , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Luc Laeven , Jérôme Vandenbussche , Deniz Igan , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504743

Keywords: Credit booms, Credit expansion, Business cycles, Financial stability, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, macroprudential regulation, macroeconomic policy, banking, credit boom

This note explores the costs and benefits of different policy options to reduce the risks associated with credit booms, drawing upon several country experiences and the findings from econometric analysis....

Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Fostering Growth in Europe Now »

Source: Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Jesmin Rahman , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504644

Keywords: Euro Area, Real effective exchange rates, Macroprudential Policy, Growth, unemployment, macroeconomic policy, structural reform, fiscal policy, labor market, employment

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa

The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bjoern Rother , Gaelle Pierre , Davide Lombardo , Risto Herrala , Priscilla Toffano , Erik Roos , Allan Auclair , and Karina Manasseh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475535785

Keywords: Migrations, Middle East, North Africa, Regional shocks, Spillovers, Development financing, Economic policy, Development assistance, Middle East and North Africa, conflicts

In recent decades, the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) has experienced more frequent and severe conflicts than in any other region of the world, exacting a devastating human toll. The region now faces un...

Wage Moderation in Crises

Wage Moderation in Crises »

Source: Wage Moderation in Crises : Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Raphael Espinoza , Ioannis Halikias , Michael Kumhof , Daniel Leigh , Prakash Loungani , Paulo Medas , Susanna Mursula , Antonio Spilimbergo , and TengTeng Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513537009

Keywords: Wage bargaining, Euro Area, Wage adjustments, Negative spillovers, Monetary policy, Euro area, Crisis, Current account, Internal devaluation, Unemployment

The paper studies the impacts of wage moderation in the euro area. Simulation results show that if a single euro area crisis-hit economy undertakes wage moderation, the impact on output is positive for that economy...

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Source: Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...