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External Debt and Economic Reform

External Debt and Economic Reform »

Source: External Debt and Economic Reform : Does a Pain Reliever Delay the Necessary Treatment?

Volume/Issue: 2007/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866148

Keywords: economic reform, external borrowing, foreign aid, external financing, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Recent literature argues that conflict in shifting adjustment costs between different socioeconomic groups delays necessary reforms and finds that such reforms often follow economic crises. This paper expands these...

Fiscal Deficits and Inflation

Fiscal Deficits and Inflation »

Source: Fiscal Deficits and Inflation : A New Look at the Emerging Market Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2001/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , and Luis Catão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451849592

Keywords: inflation tax, monetary fund, inflation rates, inflation rate, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General,

Empirical studies have had little success in finding a statistically significant relationship between fiscal deficits and inflation in broad cross-country panels. This paper provides new econometric estimates for a...

Macroeconomic Challenges with EU Accession in Southeastern Europe

Macroeconomic Challenges with EU Accession in Southeastern Europe »

Source: Macroeconomic Challenges with EU Accession in Southeastern Europe : An Overview

Volume/Issue: 2006/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451863000

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, macroeconomic stability, monetary policy, exchange rate anchor, Economywide Country Studies: Europe,

The paper reviews key macroeconomic challenges with EU accession in Southeastern Europe (SEE). Most of the countries in the region are years away from EU accession and need substantial progress to meet the key macr...

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries »

Source: Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200825

Keywords: credibility, effectiveness, cyclicality, fiscal impulse, exchange rate, fiscal expansion, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Across a sample of thirty four emerging countries, the evidence shows the frequent existence of a pro-cyclical fiscal impulse. However, the scope for countercyclical policy increases with the availability of intern...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

Capital Flows to Transition Economies

Capital Flows to Transition Economies »

Source: Capital Flows to Transition Economies : Master or Servant?

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Alex Mourmouras , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842791

Keywords: convergence, macroeconomic policy, capital inflows, exchange rate, real appreciation, capital market, Money And Interest Rates,

This paper discusses the forces driving capital flows in the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that various influences—specifically, the real exchange rate history and trend...

Words vs. Deeds

Words vs. Deeds »

Source: Words vs. Deeds : What Really Matters?

Volume/Issue: 2011/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahvash Qureshi , Atish Ghosh , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455261413

Keywords: policy credibility, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, central bank, inflation performance, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper revisits the link between the nominal exchange rate regime and inflation, based on a sample of 145 emerging market and developing countries (EMDCs) over the period 1980-2010. We contend that, just as a d...

World Food Prices, the Terms of Trade-Real Exchange Rate Nexus, and Monetary Policy1

World Food Prices, the Terms of Trade-Real Exchange Rate Nexus, and Monetary Policy1 »

Source: World Food Prices, the Terms of Trade-Real Exchange Rate Nexus, and Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 2013/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Roberto Chang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484371565

Keywords: Taylor rules, inflation, terms of trade, monetary policy, price elasticity, relative price, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

How should monetary policy respond to large fluctuations in world food prices? We study this question in an open economy model in which imported food has a larger weight in domestic consumption than abroad and inte...

Obstacles to Disinflation

Obstacles to Disinflation »

Source: Obstacles to Disinflation : What is the Role of Fiscal Expectations?

Volume/Issue: 2004/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alessandro Prati , and Oya Celasun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451853506

Keywords: stabilization, inflation dynamics, expectation formation, inflation, central bank, monetary fund, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes,

Is backward-looking behavior in pricing or imperfect credibility of stabilization efforts responsible for the failure of inflation rates to decline to targeted levels during many disinflation programs? This paper a...

Governments’ Payment Discipline

Governments’ Payment Discipline »

Source: Governments' Payment Discipline : The Macroeconomic Impact of Public Payment Delays and Arrears

Volume/Issue: 2015/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristina Checherita-Westphal , Alexander Klemm , and Paul Viefers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484317020

Keywords: Public payment delays, government arrears, payment, arrears, payments, accounts payable, credit, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook

This paper considers the impact of changes in the payment discipline of governments on the private sector. We argue that increased delays in public payments can affect private sector liquidity and profits and hence...