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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Lessons from the Real-Time Assessments of Structural Conditionality

Lessons from the Real-Time Assessments of Structural Conditionality »

Source: Lessons from the Real-Time Assessments of Structural Conditionality

Volume/Issue: 2002/009

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328784

Keywords: Adjustment process, Conditionality, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Civil service reform, Financial crises, Energy sector, Central banks, Labor market reforms, PP, PRGF

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Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Managing Director's Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Managing Director's Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report to the International Monetary and Financial Committee »

Source: Managing Director's Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Volume/Issue: 2011/078

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2011

ISBN: 9781498338424

Keywords: Real sector, International financial markets, Exchange rate appreciation, Labor market institutions, Exchange markets, euro area, emerge economy, advanced economy, medium-term, rebalance

The global economy has entered a dangerous phase. Policy makers must act boldly to finish the job they began in 2009, lest the gains from the recovery since then be lost. Collective action can put the global econom...

Belgium 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

Belgium 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium »

Source: Belgium : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

Volume/Issue: 2019/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302661

Keywords: Credit, Financial crises, Central banks, Employment, Unemployment, NBB, percent of GDP, Haver, labor market reform, growth fund

Since the global crisis, Belgium has experienced nine consecutive years of economic growth. Per capita GDP has surpassed pre-crisis levels, and unemployment is at its lowest level in four decades. The financial sec...

Belgium Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Belgium Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Belgium : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

Volume/Issue: 2019/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302661

Keywords: Credit, Financial crises, Central banks, Employment, Unemployment, NBB, percent of GDP, Haver, labor market reform, growth fund

Since the global crisis, Belgium has experienced nine consecutive years of economic growth. Per capita GDP has surpassed pre-crisis levels, and unemployment is at its lowest level in four decades. The financial sec...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Belgium

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Belgium »

Source: Belgium : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

Volume/Issue: 2019/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302661

Keywords: Credit, Financial crises, Central banks, Employment, Unemployment, NBB, percent of GDP, Haver, labor market reform, growth fund

Since the global crisis, Belgium has experienced nine consecutive years of economic growth. Per capita GDP has surpassed pre-crisis levels, and unemployment is at its lowest level in four decades. The financial sec...

Statement by Domenico Fanizza, Executive Director for Malta and Laura Cerami, Advisor to the Executive Director February 22, 2019

Statement by Domenico Fanizza, Executive Director for Malta and Laura Cerami, Advisor to the Executive Director February 22, 2019 »

Source: Belgium : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Belgium

Volume/Issue: 2019/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302661

Keywords: Credit, Financial crises, Central banks, Employment, Unemployment, NBB, percent of GDP, Haver, labor market reform, growth fund

Since the global crisis, Belgium has experienced nine consecutive years of economic growth. Per capita GDP has surpassed pre-crisis levels, and unemployment is at its lowest level in four decades. The financial sec...

Finland

Finland »

Source: Finland : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2016/369

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558036

Keywords: Financial sector, Private sector, Corporate sector, Public sector, Productivity, Labor productivity, Fiscal reforms, Selected Issues Papers, Finland, Financial crises

This Selected Issues paper examines Finland's sectoral balance sheets and how they have evolved since the global financial crisis; the analysis reveals that financial vulnerabilities have risen in most sectors. Ind...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...