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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment »

Source: Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment

Volume/Issue: 2019/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariya Brussevich , Era Dabla-Norris , and Salma Khalid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498303743

Keywords: Labor force participation, Labor market flexibility, Labor productivity, Human capital, Social safety nets, Automation, Technological Change, Jobs, Female Labor Force, Occupational Choice

Using individual level data on task composition at work for 30 advanced and emerging economies, we find that women, on average, perform more routine tasks than men?tasks that are more prone to automation. To quanti...

Ecuador: First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement, Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review—Press Release and Staff Report

Ecuador: First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement, Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review—Press Release and Staff Report »

Source: Ecuador : First Review under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement, Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/210

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498324304

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Employment, Fiscal transparency, Central banks, Job creation, fuel subsidy, non-oil, primary balance, performance criterion, extended arrangement

A 36-month EFF with access of SDR 3.035 billion (435 percent of quota or about US$4.204 billion) was approved on March 11, 2019. Economic activity is projected to decelerate further in 2019 as fiscal consolidation...

IMF Executive Board Concludes First Review of the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility for Ecuador, Approves US$251.14 Million Disbursement

IMF Executive Board Concludes First Review of the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility for Ecuador, Approves US$251.14 Million Disbursement »

Source: Ecuador : First Review under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement, Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/210

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498324304

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Employment, Fiscal transparency, Central banks, Job creation, fuel subsidy, non-oil, primary balance, performance criterion, extended arrangement

A 36-month EFF with access of SDR 3.035 billion (435 percent of quota or about US$4.204 billion) was approved on March 11, 2019. Economic activity is projected to decelerate further in 2019 as fiscal consolidation...

El Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI concluye la Primera Revisión del Programa en el marco del Servicio Ampliado a favor de Ecuador, y aprueba un desembolso de USD 251,14 millones

El Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI concluye la Primera Revisión del Programa en el marco del Servicio Ampliado a favor de Ecuador, y aprueba un desembolso de USD 251,14 millones »

Source: Ecuador : First Review under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement, Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/210

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498324304

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Employment, Fiscal transparency, Central banks, Job creation, fuel subsidy, non-oil, primary balance, performance criterion, extended arrangement

A 36-month EFF with access of SDR 3.035 billion (435 percent of quota or about US$4.204 billion) was approved on March 11, 2019. Economic activity is projected to decelerate further in 2019 as fiscal consolidation...

Statement by Alexandre Tombini, Executive Director for Ecuador, Pedro Fachada, Alternate Executive Director, and Francisco Rivadeneira, Advisor to Executive Director June 28, 2019

Statement by Alexandre Tombini, Executive Director for Ecuador, Pedro Fachada, Alternate Executive Director, and Francisco Rivadeneira, Advisor to Executive Director June 28, 2019 »

Source: Ecuador : First Review under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement, Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/210

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498324304

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Employment, Fiscal transparency, Central banks, Job creation, fuel subsidy, non-oil, primary balance, performance criterion, extended arrangement

A 36-month EFF with access of SDR 3.035 billion (435 percent of quota or about US$4.204 billion) was approved on March 11, 2019. Economic activity is projected to decelerate further in 2019 as fiscal consolidation...

Assessing Fiscal Space - An Initial Consistent Set of Considerations

Assessing Fiscal Space - An Initial Consistent Set of Considerations »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Space - An Initial Consistent Set of Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2016/032

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2016

ISBN: 9781498345583

Keywords: Economic policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal indicators, Fiscal space, Tax increases, market access, country-specific, sustainability, distortionary, labor tax

Fiscal space is a multi-dimensional concept reflecting whether a government can raise spending or lower taxes without endangering market access and debt sustainability. Making such a determination requires a compre...

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development*

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development* »

Source: Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong Frank Wu , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399613

Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group

This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between the shadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from 1996 to 2015, our r...

IMF Governance Reform

IMF Governance Reform »

Source: IMF Governance Reform

Volume/Issue: 2010/069

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 August 2010

ISBN: 9781498337137

Keywords: Board of Governors, Elected Executive Directors, Executive Board composition, Executive Board size, Fund, Governance, International Monetary and Financial Committee, Quotas, Staff recruitment, Budgeting

This paper reviews progress under the Fund's strengthened cooperative strategy on overdue financial obligations. Since the last review, total arrears to the Fund declined by SDR 17.5 million to SDR 1,309.5 million....