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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Comparing the Employment-Output Elasticities of Expatriates and Nationals in the Gulf Cooperation Council

Comparing the Employment-Output Elasticities of Expatriates and Nationals in the Gulf Cooperation Council »

Source: Comparing the Employment-Output Elasticities of Expatriates and Nationals in the Gulf Cooperation Council

Volume/Issue: 2015/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513573885

Keywords: Employment Elasticities, Labor Market Adjustment Costs, GCC, Gulf Cooperation Council, labor market, labor, private sector, unemployment, Labor Economics: General, Labor Economics Policies

We estimate the elasticity of private-sector employment to non-oil GDP in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) for GCC nationals and expatriates using a Seemingly Unrelated Error Correction (SUREC) model. Our results...

Comparing the Employment-Output Elasticities of Expatriates and Nationals in the Gulf Cooperation Council

Comparing the Employment-Output Elasticities of Expatriates and Nationals in the Gulf Cooperation Council »

Volume/Issue: 2015/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573885.001

ISBN: 9781513573885

Keywords: Employment Elasticities, Labor Market Adjustment Costs, GCC, Gulf Cooperation Council, labor market, labor, private sector, unemployment, Labor Economics: General, Labor Economics Policies

We estimate the elasticity of private-sector employment to non-oil GDP in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) for GCC nationals and expatriates using a Seemingly Unrelated Error Correction (SUREC) model. Our results...