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Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries

Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries »

Source: Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries : The Problem of Exemptions

Volume/Issue: 1991/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

ISBN: 9781451921465

Keywords: vat, aggregate consumption, value-added tax, intermediate inputs, indirect tax

Developing countries with VATs typically exempt a large number of goods and services. Following a brief discussion of the rationale for exemptions, this paper presents a formula for the base of a VAT with exemption...

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 »

Source: Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 : How Big, How Benign and How Reversible?

Volume/Issue: 2011/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Igor Lebrun , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455261383

Keywords: Relative real unit labor costs, capital-output ratio, labor and product market institutions, EMU, labor costs, labor market, intermediate inputs, product market, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Prices

Real unit labor costs (RULC) growth differentials between euro area members have persisted since EMU began and even widened out in the run-up to the crisis. This paper focuses on the causes underlying such dispersi...

Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries
			: The Problem of Exemptions

Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries : The Problem of Exemptions »

Volume/Issue: 1991/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451921465.001

ISBN: 9781451921465

Keywords: vat, aggregate consumption, value-added tax, intermediate inputs, indirect tax

Developing countries with VATs typically exempt a large number of goods and services. Following a brief discussion of the rationale for exemptions, this paper presents a formula for the base of a VAT with exemption...

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700
			: How Big, How Benign and How Reversible?

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 : How Big, How Benign and How Reversible? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Igor Lebrun , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455261383.001

ISBN: 9781455261383

Keywords: Relative real unit labor costs, capital-output ratio, labor and product market institutions, EMU, labor costs, labor market, intermediate inputs, product market, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Prices

Real unit labor costs (RULC) growth differentials between euro area members have persisted since EMU began and even widened out in the run-up to the crisis. This paper focuses on the causes underlying such dispersi...