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Methane Oxidising Bacteria as Environmental Indicators

Methane Oxidising Bacteria as Environmental Indicators »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anne Grethe Hestnes , Svend Jørgen Binnerup , Mette Marianne Sven-ning , and Ingvild Wartiainen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9789289311366

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Methane Oxidising Bacteria, Methanotrophs, Halogenated Hydrocarbon, Environmental Perturbations, Chlorofluoromethanes, Monooxygenase Enzymes

This report focuses on methane oxidising bacteria (methanotrophs). The key function of methanotrophs as methane consumers and degraders of halogenated hydrocarbons bring them in the perspective of being useful indi...

Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort

Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort »

Source: Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort : Evidence from a Panel of Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , Fabian Bornhorst , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870282

Keywords: hydrocarbon revenues, domestic revenue effort, government revenue, equation, statistics, autocorrelation,

The recent development literature stresses that countries that receive large revenues from natural resource endowments typically raise less revenue from domestic taxation, and that this creates governance problems...

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation »

Source: Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation : A Review of Research Methods and Models

Volume/Issue: 2012/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475573466

Keywords: extractive resources, fiscal regimes, tax instruments, fiscal regime, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels, Mining, Extraction

This paper provides a conceptual overview of economists' attempts to learn about the effects of taxes on extractive resources. The emphasis is on research methods and techniques, with no attempt to provide a compre...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes »

Source: Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...

Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries

Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries »

Source: Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries : (FARI Methodology)

Volume: 2016

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Oana Luca , and Diego Mesa Puyo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2016

ISBN: 9781513575117

Keywords: Mining taxation, petroleum taxation, fiscal regime design, tax, instruments, revenue, valuation, cash flows, General, Business Taxes and Subsidies

This manual introduces key concepts and methodology used by the Fiscal Affairs Department (FAD) in its fiscal analysis of resource industries (FARI) framework. Proper evaluation of fiscal regimes for extractive ind...

Modeling the Impact of Taxes on Petroleum Exploration and Development

Modeling the Impact of Taxes on Petroleum Exploration and Development »

Source: Modeling the Impact of Taxes on Petroleum Exploration and Development

Volume/Issue: 2012/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2012

ISBN: 9781557754455

Keywords: petroleum exploration, distortions, fiscal regimes, fiscal regime, tax rates, marginal tax rates, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels

We present a simple model of petroleum exploration and development that can be applied to study the performance of alternative tax systems and identify potential distortions. Although the model is a highly simplifi...

Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort
			: Evidence from a Panel of Countries

Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort : Evidence from a Panel of Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , Fabian Bornhorst , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870282.001

ISBN: 9781451870282

Keywords: hydrocarbon revenues, domestic revenue effort, government revenue, equation, statistics, autocorrelation,

The recent development literature stresses that countries that receive large revenues from natural resource endowments typically raise less revenue from domestic taxation, and that this creates governance problems...

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation
			: A Review of Research Methods and Models

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation : A Review of Research Methods and Models »

Volume/Issue: 2012/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475573466.001

ISBN: 9781475573466

Keywords: extractive resources, fiscal regimes, tax instruments, fiscal regime, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels, Mining, Extraction

This paper provides a conceptual overview of economists' attempts to learn about the effects of taxes on extractive resources. The emphasis is on research methods and techniques, with no attempt to provide a compre...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes
			: The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine »

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875669.001

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...

Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries
			: (FARI Methodology)

Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries : (FARI Methodology) »

Volume: 16

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Oana Luca , and Diego Mesa Puyo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575117.005

ISBN: 9781513575117

Keywords: Mining taxation, petroleum taxation, fiscal regime design, tax, instruments, revenue, valuation, cash flows, General, Business Taxes and Subsidies

This manual introduces key concepts and methodology used by the Fiscal Affairs Department (FAD) in its fiscal analysis of resource industries (FARI) framework. Proper evaluation of fiscal regimes for extractive ind...