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Stabilization and Reform in Latin America
			: A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062504.084

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

This study examines external and domestic influences on Latin America's economic performance over the past decade and a half. It notes that over the past few years, macroeconomic policies have strengthened and stru...

The Myth of Post-Reform Income Stagnation

The Myth of Post-Reform Income Stagnation »

Source: The Myth of Post-Reform Income Stagnation : Evidence from Brazil and Mexico

Volume/Issue: 2008/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870558

Keywords: Measurement error, CPI Bias, Economic reform, Inflation stabilization, expenditure, expenditures, total expenditure, expenditure distribution, income growth,

Economic policies are often judged by a handful of statistics, some of which may be biased during periods of change. We estimate the income growth implied by the evolution of food demand and durable good ownership...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Latin America’s economic prospects heralded new promise in the early 1990s, as ambitious programs were introduced to promote macroeconomic stability and market-based reforms. In the context of increasingly d...

II Taking Stock

II Taking Stock »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Starting in the late 1980s, most Latin American countries began introducing market-based structural reforms in a range of areas, especially international trade, the financial sector, the tax system, and stat...

III Fiscal Sustainability

III Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Difficulties in ensuring credible sustainability of fiscal policies have been central to the problems of Latin American economies. 34 Notable examples over the past decade have be...

IV Monetary and Exchange Rate Regimes

IV Monetary and Exchange Rate Regimes »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Overview Inflation control was an essential element of reform programs in Latin America and also the one in which achievements were most notable and enduring. Yet the means used to a...

V Latin American Financial Systems: Crises and Reforms

V Latin American Financial Systems: Crises and Reforms »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Limited access to bank credit and uncertainty about financial system stability have been serious constraints on Latin America’s growth and have contributed to volatility during the past decade. Financial lib...

VI Financial Dollarization in Latin America

VI Financial Dollarization in Latin America »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

The financial systems of many Latin American countries have become increasingly dollarized in the past decade, making Latin America one of the most dollarized regions in the world (Table 6.1)....

VII External Vulnerabilities

VII External Vulnerabilities »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Relatively low trade openness and high financial openness are common characteristics of many Latin American countries. Indeed, Latin America and the Caribbean is the only developing region in which the propo...

VIII Lessons and Priorities for Future Agenda

VIII Lessons and Priorities for Future Agenda »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

The aim of this study has been to take stock of the achievements and disappointments in Latin America since the start of market-based reforms in the early 1990s, a period that also witnessed growing democrat...