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Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies

Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies »

Source: Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2001/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Perrelli , and Christian Mulder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451859713

Keywords: foreign currency credit ratings, economic crises., statistics, autocorrelation, equation, short-term debt, covariance, International Lending and Debt Problems, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Economic Crises,

This paper examines how ratings for emerging market economies have been set. Given the high degree of autocorrelation in ratings, we use estimators that yield consistent parameters in the presence of such correlati...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia

Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia »

Source: Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1998/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , Gerd Schwartz , Calvin McDonald , Željko Bogetic , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451971408

Keywords: Asia, Financial crisis, Social policy, Poverty, social safety nets, social impact, unemployment, disability, price increases, safety nets

This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the likely social impact of the economic crisis and the reform programs in three Asian countries—Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand. The focus is on likely changes i...

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa »

Source: The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Markets

Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Markets »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Markets : Income, Repatriations and Financial Vulnerabillities

Volume/Issue: 2002/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Lehmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846652

Keywords: Profitability of Foreign Direct Investment, Cashflows in Multinational Corporations, direct investment, fdi, foreign direct investment, investors, host country, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Payout Policy,

Based on U.S. data, the returns on foreign direct investment in emerging markets are shown to be substantially higher than would be suggested by official balance of payments statistics. This paper identifies the de...

Indonesia: Selected Issues

Indonesia: Selected Issues »

Source: Indonesia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475577624

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Asia and Pacific, Capital inflows, Economic growth, External debt, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Tax reforms, Private investment, Indonesia

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the capital inflows to Indonesia since the global financial crisis. Capital inflows to Indonesia have increased since the crisis. Their average volume increased from 3.25 percent...

Indonesia: Selected Issues

Indonesia: Selected Issues »

Source: Indonesia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475577624

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Asia and Pacific, Capital inflows, Economic growth, External debt, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Tax reforms, Private investment, Indonesia

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the capital inflows to Indonesia since the global financial crisis. Capital inflows to Indonesia have increased since the crisis. Their average volume increased from 3.25 percent...

Indonesia: Selected Issues

Indonesia: Selected Issues »

Source: Indonesia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475577624

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Asia and Pacific, Capital inflows, Economic growth, External debt, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Tax reforms, Private investment, Indonesia

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the capital inflows to Indonesia since the global financial crisis. Capital inflows to Indonesia have increased since the crisis. Their average volume increased from 3.25 percent...

Indonesia: Selected Issues

Indonesia: Selected Issues »

Source: Indonesia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475577624

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Asia and Pacific, Capital inflows, Economic growth, External debt, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Tax reforms, Private investment, Indonesia

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the capital inflows to Indonesia since the global financial crisis. Capital inflows to Indonesia have increased since the crisis. Their average volume increased from 3.25 percent...