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The IMF and the World Bank
			: How Do They Differ?

The IMF and the World Bank : How Do They Differ? »

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): David Driscoll

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754059.038

ISBN: 9781557754059

Keywords: balance of payments, exchange rate, exchange rates, debt crisis, foreign exchange, domestic currency, balance of payment, central banks, flexible exchange rates, exchange reserves

This paper discusses how the IMF and the World Bank differ from each other. The IMF is small and, unlike the World Bank, has no affiliates or subsidiaries. Most IMF staff members work at headquarters in Washington,...

Annual Report of the Executive Board, 1997

Annual Report of the Executive Board, 1997 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1997

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954982.011

ISBN: 9781451954982

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy, current account deficit, balance of payments, external debt, general resources account, repurchases

Annual Report of the Executive Board for the financial year ended April 30, 1997....

Jahresbericht 1996

Jahresbericht 1996 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1996

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755971.011

ISBN: 9781557755971

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments, current account balance, current account deficit, external debt, repurchases, general resources account

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities, policies, and organization, as well as the world economy, with emphasis on balance of payments problems, international and emerging capital...

Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

In response to the global financial crisis, governments provided substantial support to the financial and other key sectors. Although this cushioned the adverse effects of the crisis, it is necessary now to articul...

Reconsidering External Financing of Domestic Budget Deficits

Reconsidering External Financing of Domestic Budget Deficits »

Source: Reconsidering External Financing of Domestic Budget Deficits : Debunking Some Received Wisdom

Volume/Issue: 2000/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): David Woo , and Simon Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451970951

Keywords: Debt management, Budget deficits, External financing, foreign currency denominated sovereign debt, foreign currency, domestic currency, exchange rate, foreign exchange, foreign investors

The past decade has witnessed a steady increase in outstanding external sovereign debt issued by emerging market economies. This paper examines some of the “received wisdom” regarding the benefits of...

Public Debt in Advanced Economies and its Spillover Effectson Long-Term Yields1

Public Debt in Advanced Economies and its Spillover Effectson Long-Term Yields1 »

Source: Public Debt in Advanced Economies and its Spillover Effectson Long-Term Yields

Volume/Issue: 2011/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , and Lorenzo Forni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902209

Keywords: long-term real rates, domestic debt, debt ratio, real rates, inflation, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

Several models establish a positive association between public debt ratios and long-term real yields, but the empirical evidence is not always conclusive. We reconsider this issue, focusing in particular on possibl...

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance?

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance? »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix presents new evidence on the impact of public debt composition on perceived debt tolerance in 60 advanced and emerging economies. Cross-country regressions of international institutional invest...

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30 »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix elaborates on the methodology and assumptions behind the illustrative simulations—reported in the main text—that aim, between 2010 and 2030, to stabilize pension expenditure as a percent of GDP...

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 1: Introduction »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

The global economic crisis resulted in the greatest deterioration of fiscal accounts since World War II. In response to the crisis, government budgets provided substantial support for aggregate demand and fo...

Chapter 2: A Daunting Fiscal Challenge

Chapter 2: A Daunting Fiscal Challenge »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

The crisis has resulted in a major increase in fiscal deficits and government debt in advanced economies. Under current projections, which already assume some tightening mainly through the removal of fiscal...