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Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2003

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061538.051

ISBN: 9781589061538

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2003

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061545.051

ISBN: 9781589061545

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2003

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061552.051

ISBN: 9781589061552

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Sous la protection de l'ombre
			: La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061514.051

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Sukuk vs. Eurobonds

Sukuk vs. Eurobonds »

Source: Sukuk vs. Eurobonds : Is There a Difference in Value-at-Risk?

Volume/Issue: 2007/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Faezeh Raei , and Selim Cakir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868012

Keywords: Sukuk, Sharia-Compliance, Eurobonds, Value-at-Risk, Diversification, bond, conventional bonds, islamic bonds, bond portfolios,

This paper assesses the impact of bonds issued according to Islamic principles (Sukuk), on the cost and risk structure of investment portfolios by using the Value-at-Risk (VaR) framework. The market for Sukuk has g...

The Economics of Islamic Finance and Securitization

The Economics of Islamic Finance and Securitization »

Source: The Economics of Islamic Finance and Securitization

Volume/Issue: 2007/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866810

Keywords: securitization, ABS, MBS, structured finance, Islamic securitization, sovereign securitization, shariah compliance, sukuk, mudharaba, ijara

Islamic lending transactions are governed by the precepts of the shariah, which bans interest and stipulates that income must be derived as return from entrepreneurial investment. Since Islamic finance is predicate...

Current Challenges in Revenue Mobilization - Improving Tax Compliance

Current Challenges in Revenue Mobilization - Improving Tax Compliance »

Source: Current Challenges in Revenue Mobilization - Improving Tax Compliance

Volume/Issue: 2015/005

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498344890

Keywords: Revenue mobilization, Tax administration, Tax collection, Tax evasion, Tax revenue, Tax policy, Revenue administration, RAs, noncompliance, compliance

This paper addresses core challenges that all tax administrations face in dealing with noncompliance-which are now receiving renewed attention. Long a priority in developing countries, assuring strong compliance ha...

Operative Principles of Islamic Derivatives

Operative Principles of Islamic Derivatives »

Source: Operative Principles of Islamic Derivatives : Towards a Coherent Theory

Volume/Issue: 2012/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Sole , and Andreas Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938406

Keywords: derivatives, Islamic risk management, shari&;amp;#x2019;ah compliance, sukuk, mudaraba, ijarah, murabaha, riba, istisna, gharar

Derivatives are few and far between in countries where the compatibility of financial transactions with Islamic law requires the development of shari'ah-compliant structures. Islamic finance is governed by the shar...

Islamic Bond Issuance

Islamic Bond Issuance »

Source: Islamic Bond Issuance : What Sovereign Debt Managers Need to Know

Volume/Issue: 2008/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Peter Kunzel , Paul Mills , and Andreas Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451946024

Keywords: Capital markets, Debt management, Islamic banking, Islamic finance, Securities markets, Sovereign debt, securitization, structured finance, Islamic bond, shari&;amp;#x2019;ah compliance

Recent years have witnessed a surge in the issuance of Islamic capital market securities (sukuk) by corporates and public sector entities amid growing demand for alternative investments. As the sukuk market continu...

Les économies de l’ombre

Les économies de l’ombre »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Un ouvrier d’usine conduit le soir, après sa journée de travail, un taxi non déclaré; un plombier répare un aiyau pour un client et reçoit un paiement au comptant qu’il ne déclare p...