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The Social Safety Net in Albania

The Social Safety Net in Albania »

Source: The Social Safety Net in Albania

Volume/Issue: 1996/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451851861

Keywords: benefits, unemployment, social assistance, compensation

This paper reviews the developments in the social safety net system of Albania since the beginning of its economic adjustment program in mid-1992 through the third quarter of 1995. It shows that the social safety n...

Indonesia

Indonesia »

Source: Indonesia : Implementing National Policies in a Decentralized Context: Special Purpose Programs to Protect the Poor

Volume/Issue: 2000/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Luc Leruth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451852608

Keywords: fiscal decentralization, incentives, compensation, subsidy, safety net, compensation scheme

In the context of continuing adjustments in the economy, the Government of Indonesia proposes to bring energy prices closer to long run marginal cost, while adequately compensating the poor. We focus on the constra...

Privatization in East Germany

Privatization in East Germany »

Source: Privatization in East Germany : A Survey of Current Issues

Volume/Issue: 1992/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dieter Bös

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451842463

Keywords: wage subsidies, wage, subsidies, wages, compensation

This paper deals with the privatization, restructuring, and liquidation of East German industrial firms. A partnership model is suggested for privatization where the Government’s property trust (Treuhandanst...

Government Pay Policies and Structural Adjustment

Government Pay Policies and Structural Adjustment »

Source: Government Pay Policies and Structural Adjustment

Volume/Issue: 1988/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 1988

ISBN: 9781451958461

Keywords: salary, salaries, compensation, benefits, government pay

The paper provides an overview of the main elements of pay systems that are typically used to remunerate government employees and, with reference to the experience of developed and developing countries, discusses s...

How Has The Globalization of Labor Affected the Labor Income Share in Advanced Countries?

How Has The Globalization of Labor Affected the Labor Income Share in Advanced Countries? »

Source: How Has The Globalization of Labor Affected the Labor Income Share in Advanced Countries?

Volume/Issue: 2007/298

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Irina Tytell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868616

Keywords: offshoring, outsourcing, labor share, skills, translog revenue function, labor compensation, compensation, labor market, labor force,

Labor markets around the world have become increasingly integrated over the last two decades, with the entry of China, India and the former Eastern bloc into the world trading system, the removal of restrictions on...

Rightsizing Brazil's Public-Sector Wage Bill

Rightsizing Brazil's Public-Sector Wage Bill »

Source: Rightsizing Brazil's Public-Sector Wage Bill

Volume/Issue: 2018/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484374924

Keywords: wage bill, employee compensation, public spending, fiscal rules

Brazil's public-sector wage bill is comparatively high. It grows inertially and competes with other spending. Rightsizing the wage bill could stimulate administrative efficiency and bring more equity into a system...

Is Capping Executive Bonuses Useful?

Is Capping Executive Bonuses Useful? »

Source: Is Capping Executive Bonuses Useful?

Volume/Issue: 2016/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kentaro Asai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475543254

Keywords: Labor markets, Labor mobility, Risk management, Bonus, Econometric models, Employee compensation, Banks, Investment, executive compensation; risk taking; risk shifting; underinvestment, executive compensation

This paper develops a theoretical framework to study the impact of bonus caps on banks' risk taking. In the model, labor market price adjustments can offset the direct effects of bonus caps. The calibrated model su...

An Application of Distribution-Neutral Fiscal Policy

An Application of Distribution-Neutral Fiscal Policy »

Source: An Application of Distribution-Neutral Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2018/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Sugata Marjit , and Sandip Sarkar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484338568

Keywords: Strong Pareto Superiority; Inequality; Compensation mechanism;, Strong Pareto Superiority, Inequality, Compensation mechanism, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, General

Distribution neutral fiscal policy refers to a structure of taxes and transfers that keep the income distribution unchanged even after positive or negative shocks to an economy. This is referred to as a Strong Pare...

What Determines the Reservation Wages of Unemployed Workers? New Evidence From German Micro Data

What Determines the Reservation Wages of Unemployed Workers? New Evidence From German Micro Data »

Source: What Determines the Reservation Wages of Unemployed Workers? New Evidence From German Micro Data

Volume/Issue: 2003/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

ISBN: 9781451842067

Keywords: Reservation wage, labor supply disincentives, offer wage distribution, unemployment and employment determinants, wage, unemployment, unemployment compensation, compensation, Mobility, and Vacancies

This paper provides new empirical evidence on the relationship between reservation wages of unemployed workers and macroeconomic factors--including the unemployment rate and generosity of the unemployment compensat...

Wage Flexibility in Turbulent Times

Wage Flexibility in Turbulent Times »

Source: Wage Flexibility in Turbulent Times : A Practitioner's Guide, with an Application to Poland

Volume/Issue: 2005/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861532

Keywords: wage, unemployment, unemployment rate, local unemployment, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: General,

This paper reviews several methods to measure wage flexibility, and their suitability for evaluating the extent of such flexibility during times of structural change, when wage distributions and wage curves can be...