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The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic and Baltic Environmental Policy 2001-2005

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic and Baltic Environmental Policy 2001-2005 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Helle Ørsted Nielsen , Anders Ryelund and Carey Smith National Environmental Research Institute , Mikael Skou Andersen , and Stefan Speck

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313049

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers, Economic Instruments, Environmental Policy, Economy and national budget, Economic Instruments, Environment and Finance Group

This new report commissioned by the Environment and Finance Group of the Nordic Council of Ministers continues the tradition of reviewing the use of economic instruments in environmental policy in the Nordic countr...

Nordic Perspectives on Carbon Market Mechanisms

Nordic Perspectives on Carbon Market Mechanisms »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289321938

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers Appointed, Globalization Initiative, International Carbon Market, Development Mechanism Credit Market, Discussions on Opportunities, Environment and Finance Ministers

The Nordic Council of Ministers appointed, via the Globalization Initiative, the Nordic finance ministers to launch a joint Nordic project regarding the international carbon market. The purpose of the project was t...

Stock-Flow Adjustments, Government’s Integrated Balance Sheet and Fiscal Transparency1

Stock-Flow Adjustments, Government’s Integrated Balance Sheet and Fiscal Transparency1 »

Source: Stock-Flow Adjustments, Government's Integrated Balance Sheet and Fiscal Transparency

Volume/Issue: 2013/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475537642

Keywords: stock flow adjustments, debt, liabilities, deficits, government finance, Positive Analysis of Policy-Making and Implementation, General,

This paper re-examines the stock-flow discrepancies of government debt and deficits and correlation with fiscal transparency. Applying the fully integrated relationship between financial stocks and flows allows for...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds »

Source: Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

Liberalization of Trade in Financial Services and Financial Sector Stability (Empirical Approach)

Liberalization of Trade in Financial Services and Financial Sector Stability (Empirical Approach) »

Source: Liberalization of Trade in Financial Services and Financial Sector Stability (Empirical Approach)

Volume/Issue: 2002/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451856057

Keywords: financial sector stability, financial sector, financial stability, trade in services, services liberalization, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Financial Institutions And Services,

The paper explores empirically the links between the WTO-driven liberalization of trade in financial services and the stability of national financial systems. Econometric testing of indicators intended to proxy fin...

How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures

How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures »

Source: How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures

Volume/Issue: 2010/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kornelia Krajnyak , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201167

Keywords: real effective exchange rate, Penn World Tables, relative prices, relative price, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, exchange rates, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

In this paper, we derive two new measures of international relative prices for Norway. Developments in these new measures follow rather closely movements in the CPI-based real effective exchange rate through the 19...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective »

Source: Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective : Are they Really That Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2011/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tobias Rasmussen , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462305254

Keywords: Oil importing economies, Oil shock episodes, Emerging and developing countries, Recycling of petrodollars, oil exporters, oil shock, oil importers, oil imports, International Economics: General, International Finance: General

Using a comprehensive global dataset, we outline stylized facts characterizing relationships between crude oil prices and macroeconomic developments across the world. Approaching the data from several angles, we fi...

A Public Financial Management Framework for Resources-Producing Countries

A Public Financial Management Framework for Resources-Producing Countries »

Source: A Public Financial Management Framework for Resources-Producing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Luc Hélis , and Teresa Daban Sanchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982152

Keywords: Resource revenue management, resource curse, accountability, resource-producing countries, budget law, budget process, budget documents, annual budget, fiscal policy, Macroeconomic Policy

This working paper overviews the challenges posed by resource revenues management and the policy prescriptions to meet them, and focuses on the Public Financial Management (PFM) framework and reforms that resource-...

Stock-Flow Adjustments, Government's Integrated Balance Sheet and Fiscal Transparency

Stock-Flow Adjustments, Government's Integrated Balance Sheet and Fiscal Transparency »

Volume/Issue: 2013/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475537642.001

ISBN: 9781475537642

Keywords: stock flow adjustments, debt, liabilities, deficits, government finance, Positive Analysis of Policy-Making and Implementation, General,

This paper re-examines the stock-flow discrepancies of government debt and deficits and correlation with fiscal transparency. Applying the fully integrated relationship between financial stocks and flows allows for...