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The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic and Baltic Environmental Policy 2001-2005

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic and Baltic Environmental Policy 2001-2005 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Helle Ørsted Nielsen , Anders Ryelund and Carey Smith National Environmental Research Institute , Mikael Skou Andersen , and Stefan Speck

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313049

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers, Economic Instruments, Environmental Policy, Economy and national budget, Economic Instruments, Environment and Finance Group

This new report commissioned by the Environment and Finance Group of the Nordic Council of Ministers continues the tradition of reviewing the use of economic instruments in environmental policy in the Nordic countr...

Nordic Perspectives on Carbon Market Mechanisms

Nordic Perspectives on Carbon Market Mechanisms »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289321938

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers Appointed, Globalization Initiative, International Carbon Market, Development Mechanism Credit Market, Discussions on Opportunities, Environment and Finance Ministers

The Nordic Council of Ministers appointed, via the Globalization Initiative, the Nordic finance ministers to launch a joint Nordic project regarding the international carbon market. The purpose of the project was t...

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency : How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them

Volume/Issue: 2012/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510577

Keywords: accounting devices, accrual accounting, cash accounting, government finance, full accrual accounting, government finance statistics, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

Accounting devices that artificially reduce the measured fiscal deficit can be analyzed as transactions involving unrecognized assets and liabilities. Different accounting systems recognize different sets of assets...

Resolution of Banking Crises

Resolution of Banking Crises »

Source: Resolution of Banking Crises : The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

Volume/Issue: 2010/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201297

Keywords: government intervention, macroeconomic policy, banking, recapitalization, banking crises, bank failures, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper presents a new database of systemic banking crises for the period 1970-2009. While there are many commonalities between recent and past crises, both in terms of underlying causes and policy responses, th...

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Source: Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

Systemic Banking Crises Database: An Update

Systemic Banking Crises Database: An Update »

Source: Systemic Banking Crises Database : An Update

Volume/Issue: 2012/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475505054

Keywords: banking, banking crises, recapitalization, bank claims, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

We update the widely used banking crises database by Laeven and Valencia (2008, 2010) with new information on recent and ongoing crises, including updated information on policy responses and outcomes (i.e. fiscal c...

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency
			: How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them

Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency : How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them »

Volume/Issue: 2012/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510577.001

ISBN: 9781475510577

Keywords: accounting devices, accrual accounting, cash accounting, government finance, full accrual accounting, government finance statistics, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

Accounting devices that artificially reduce the measured fiscal deficit can be analyzed as transactions involving unrecognized assets and liabilities. Different accounting systems recognize different sets of assets...

Resolution of Banking Crises
			: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

Resolution of Banking Crises : The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly »

Volume/Issue: 2010/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201297.001

ISBN: 9781455201297

Keywords: government intervention, macroeconomic policy, banking, recapitalization, banking crises, bank failures, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper presents a new database of systemic banking crises for the period 1970-2009. While there are many commonalities between recent and past crises, both in terms of underlying causes and policy responses, th...

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931858.001

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

Systemic Banking Crises Database
			: An Update

Systemic Banking Crises Database : An Update »

Volume/Issue: 2012/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505054.001

ISBN: 9781475505054

Keywords: banking, banking crises, recapitalization, bank claims, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

We update the widely used banking crises database by Laeven and Valencia (2008, 2010) with new information on recent and ongoing crises, including updated information on policy responses and outcomes (i.e. fiscal c...