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Commodity Price Shocks and Fiscal Outcomes

Commodity Price Shocks and Fiscal Outcomes »

Source: Commodity Price Shocks and Fiscal Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 2012/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503333

Keywords: Commodity Booms, export prices, commodity export, commodity exporters, exporters, import prices, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

The experience of developing countries over 1990-2010 indicates that commodity prices have a significant impact on fiscal outcomes. Both revenue and expenditure rise in response to commodity (import or export) pric...

The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets

The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets »

Source: The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets

Volume/Issue: 2007/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kinga Elo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866438

Keywords: Foreign direct investments, decisions under uncertainty, fdi, capital control, direct investment, foreign direct investment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines how capital controls affect FDI decisions and how the impact of these restrictive measures varies with different levels of country risk. We construct a model of firms' FDI decisions, broadly in...

External Debt and Economic Reform

External Debt and Economic Reform »

Source: External Debt and Economic Reform : Does a Pain Reliever Delay the Necessary Treatment?

Volume/Issue: 2007/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866148

Keywords: economic reform, external borrowing, foreign aid, external financing, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Recent literature argues that conflict in shifting adjustment costs between different socioeconomic groups delays necessary reforms and finds that such reforms often follow economic crises. This paper expands these...

Sovereign Credit Ratings and Spreads in Emerging Markets

Sovereign Credit Ratings and Spreads in Emerging Markets »

Source: Sovereign Credit Ratings and Spreads in Emerging Markets : Does Investment Grade Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Jaramillo , and Michelle Tejada

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218981

Keywords: Rating Agencies, public debt, external public debt, standard deviation, external debt, standard errors, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Sovereign investment grade status is often associated with lower spreads in international markets. Using a panel framework for 35 emerging markets between 1997 and 2010, thispaper finds that investment grade status...

Cataclysms and Currencies

Cataclysms and Currencies »

Source: Cataclysms and Currencies : Does the Exchange Rate Regime Matter for Real Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2005/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451861044

Keywords: Exchange rate, shocks, exchange rate regime, per capita income, exchange rate regimes, gross capital formation, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

Does the choice of exchange rate regime affect the way an economy's adjustment to real shocks? Exploiting the randomness of natural shocks, this paper assesses empirically the often contrasting answers found in the...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Interpreting Real Exchange Rate Movements in Transition Countries

Interpreting Real Exchange Rate Movements in Transition Countries »

Source: Interpreting Real Exchange Rate Movements in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847703

Keywords: transition, Balassa-Samuelson effects, exchange rate, real exchange rate, transition countries, exchange rates, exchange rate movements, International Finance: General, Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions: Financial Economics,

Several transition countries have experienced strong real exchange rate appreciations. This paper tests the hypothesis that these appreciations reflect underlying productivity gains in the tradable sector. Using pa...

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective »

Source: Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective : Are they Really That Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2011/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tobias Rasmussen , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462305254

Keywords: Oil importing economies, Oil shock episodes, Emerging and developing countries, Recycling of petrodollars, oil exporters, oil shock, oil importers, oil imports, International Economics: General, International Finance: General

Using a comprehensive global dataset, we outline stylized facts characterizing relationships between crude oil prices and macroeconomic developments across the world. Approaching the data from several angles, we fi...

Currency Bloc Formation as a Dynamic Process Based on Trade Network Externalities

Currency Bloc Formation as a Dynamic Process Based on Trade Network Externalities »

Source: Currency Bloc Formation as a Dynamic Process Based on Trade Network Externalities

Volume/Issue: 2004/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875294

Keywords: Currency blocs, trade network externalities, stochastic and dynamic games, path dependency, equation, intermediate goods, probability, average trade, network externalities, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies

The recent experience of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has stimulated the debate over currency union and reinforced the incentive for the emergence of currency blocs in other regions of the world....

Volatility and the Debt-Intolerance Paradox

Volatility and the Debt-Intolerance Paradox »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 53, No. 2

Volume: 53

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589065178

Keywords: statistics, sovereign debt, probability, debt intolerance, equation, Analysis Of Variance, Bank Management, Banks And Banking. State Supervision, Cointegration, Compliance

Noteworthy among the six papers appearing in this latest issue of the IMF's peer-reviewed journal is another installment in the Special Data Section. Anthony Pellechio and John Cady from the IMF's Statistics Depart...