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Power Laws in Firm Size and Openness to Trade
			: Measurement and Implications

Power Laws in Firm Size and Openness to Trade : Measurement and Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2010/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , Julian Di Giovanni , and Romain Ranciere

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200689.001

ISBN: 9781455200689

Keywords: Firm Size Distribution, Power Laws, exporting firms, exporters, probability, export sales, export markets, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies,

Existing estimates of power laws in firm size typically ignore the impact of international trade. Using a simple theoretical framework, we show that international trade systematically affects the distribution of fi...

Investment Banking and Security Market Development
			: Does Finance Follow Industry?

Investment Banking and Security Market Development : Does Finance Follow Industry? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bharat Anand , and Alexander Galetovic P.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851397.001

ISBN: 9781451851397

Keywords: relationships, size distribution of firms, investment banking, banking, investment banks, banking industry, investment bank, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Firm Organization and Market Structure,

Long-term relationships between business firms and investment banks are pervasive in developed security markets and there is evidence that better monitoring and information result from these relationships. Therefor...

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality »

Volume/Issue: 2005/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861792.001

ISBN: 9781451861792

Keywords: determinants, institutions, survey, business environment, regulatory burden, probability, firm size, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm, Education: Other, institution,

In many developing countries, a significant part of economic activity takes place in the informal sector. Earlier work has examined the determinants of the size of the informal sector, focusing separately on factor...

Global Declining Competition

Global Declining Competition »

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311113.001

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector
			: Exchange Rate or Structural?

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector : Exchange Rate or Structural? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Naomi Griffin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484364222.001

ISBN: 9781484364222

Keywords: Real exchange rate, structural changes, exchange rate, imports, demand, real effective exchange rate, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General,

The appreciation of the real exchange rate over the past several years is considered one of the key drivers behind the weak performance of Colombia's manufacturing sector in recent years. This paper examines the ef...

The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation

The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation »

Volume/Issue: 2006/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gersovitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865318.001

ISBN: 9781451865318

Keywords: Optimal tax, size distribution, imperfect competition, ad valorem, social welfare, tax receipts, sales tax, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Tax laws and administrations often treat different size firms differently. There is, however, little research on the consequences. As modeled here, oligopolists with different efficiencies determine the size distri...

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2014/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianluca Esposito , Sergi Lanau , and Sebastiaan Pompe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475573022.001

ISBN: 9781475573022

Keywords: judicial reform, growth, business environment, efficieny of justice, FDI, firm size, court, courts, court fees, judicial system

The inefficiency of the Italian judicial system has contributed to reduced investments, slow growth and a difficult business environment. The enforcement of civil and commercial claims suffers from excessive delays...

Taxation and Corporate Debt
			: Are Banks any Different?

Taxation and Corporate Debt : Are Banks any Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jost Heckemeyer , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330340.001

ISBN: 9781484330340

Keywords: Corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, non-financial firms, quantile regressions, bank size, capital structure, banking, tax sensitivity, tax elasticity

This paper explores whether corporate tax bias toward debt finance differs between banks and nonbanks, using a large panel of micro data. On average, it finds that there is no significant difference. The marginal t...