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Global Declining Competition1

Global Declining Competition1 »

Source: Global Declining Competition

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector »

Source: Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector : Exchange Rate or Structural?

Volume/Issue: 2015/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Naomi Griffin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

ISBN: 9781484364222

Keywords: Real exchange rate, structural changes, exchange rate, imports, demand, real effective exchange rate, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General,

The appreciation of the real exchange rate over the past several years is considered one of the key drivers behind the weak performance of Colombia's manufacturing sector in recent years. This paper examines the ef...

The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation

The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation »

Source: The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2006/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gersovitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865318

Keywords: Optimal tax, size distribution, imperfect competition, ad valorem, social welfare, tax receipts, sales tax, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Tax laws and administrations often treat different size firms differently. There is, however, little research on the consequences. As modeled here, oligopolists with different efficiencies determine the size distri...

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth

Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth »

Source: Judicial System Reform in Italy - A Key to Growth

Volume/Issue: 2014/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianluca Esposito , Sergi Lanau , and Sebastiaan Pompe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475573022

Keywords: judicial reform, growth, business environment, efficieny of justice, FDI, firm size, court, courts, court fees, judicial system

The inefficiency of the Italian judicial system has contributed to reduced investments, slow growth and a difficult business environment. The enforcement of civil and commercial claims suffers from excessive delays...

Taxation and Corporate Debt: Are Banks any Different?

Taxation and Corporate Debt: Are Banks any Different? »

Source: Taxation and Corporate Debt : Are Banks any Different?

Volume/Issue: 2013/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jost Heckemeyer , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484330340

Keywords: Corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, non-financial firms, quantile regressions, bank size, capital structure, banking, tax sensitivity, tax elasticity

This paper explores whether corporate tax bias toward debt finance differs between banks and nonbanks, using a large panel of micro data. On average, it finds that there is no significant difference. The marginal t...

Identifying Binding Constraints to Growth
			: Does Firm Size Matter?

Identifying Binding Constraints to Growth : Does Firm Size Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Vargas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358088.001

ISBN: 9781498358088

Keywords: Firm Size, Firms&;amp;#x2019; Constraints, IV-Oprobit, transportation, firms, firm, transport, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification

As emphasized by Hausmann, Rodrik and Velasco, the policy challenge of boosting growth requires prioritization and identifying what are the most binding constraints. This paper draws on firm-level data from the Wor...

Financial Constraints, Intangible Assets, and Firm Dynamics
			: Theory and Evidence

Financial Constraints, Intangible Assets, and Firm Dynamics : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2014/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sophia Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393741.001

ISBN: 9781484393741

Keywords: Financial constraints, intangible assets, firm dynamics, Tobin&;amp;#x2019;s q, firm sizes, firm size, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Firm Behavior, General,

I study whether firms' reliance on intangible assets is an important determinant of financing constraints. I construct new measures of firm-level physical and intangible assets using accounting information on U.S....

Republic of Estonia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2009/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451812541.002

ISBN: 9781451812541

Keywords: financing constraints, investment, financial constraints, firm size, productivity growth

This Selected Issues paper focuses on financing constraints and productivity in Estonia. The paper examines two questions: (1) is there evidence of financing constraints among Estonian firms; and (2) have financing...

The Net Stable Funding Ratio
			: Impact and Issues for Consideration

The Net Stable Funding Ratio : Impact and Issues for Consideration »

Volume/Issue: 2014/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jeanne Gobat , Mamoru Yanase , and Joseph Maloney

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346498.001

ISBN: 9781498346498

Keywords: Bank Regulation, Financing, Firm Size, Policy, off balance sheet, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, banking system, Government Policy and Regulation, Firm Performance: Size

As part of Basel III reforms, the NSFR is a new prudential liquidity rule aimed at limiting excess maturity transformation risk in the banking sector and promoting funding stability. The revised package has been is...

SMEs' Access to Finance in the Euro Area
			: What Helps or Hampers?

SMEs' Access to Finance in the Euro Area : What Helps or Hampers? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bahar Öztürk , and Mico Mrkaic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379059.001

ISBN: 9781484379059

Keywords: access to finance, micro, small and medium sized enterprises, firm size, bank funding, banking, access to bank, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

The monetary transmission mechanism in the euro area has been adversely affected by the recent crises. Using survey data on thousands of euro area firms, we study factors that affect the access to finance of SMEs....