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Domestic Taxes and International Trade

Domestic Taxes and International Trade »

Source: Domestic Taxes and International Trade : Some Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2006/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451863079

Keywords: Corporate taxation, value-added tax, trade, vat, corporate tax, corporate taxes, tax revenue

The effects on trade performance of corporate taxes and the value-added tax (VAT) continue to excite controversy but have received little empirical attention. This paper uses panel data for OECD countries from 1967...

The Value-Added Tax

The Value-Added Tax »

Source: The Value-Added Tax : Its Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Lockwood , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867473

Keywords: vat, tax ratio, taxation, tax system, Value-added Tax, Tax Reform,

Has the VAT proved, as its proponents claim, an especially effective form of taxation? To address this, this paper first shows that a tax innovation-such as the introduction of a VAT- reduces the marginal cost of p...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...

Fiscal Devaluation and Fiscal Consolidation

Fiscal Devaluation and Fiscal Consolidation »

Source: Fiscal Devaluation and Fiscal Consolidation : The VAT in Troubled Times

Volume/Issue: 2012/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502480

Keywords: value-added tax, tax reform, vat, taxation, tax rates, fiscal consolidation, tax changes, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper focuses on two core tax design issues that arise in addressing current fiscal challenges. It first explores the idea, prominent in troubled Eurozone countries, of a "fiscal devaluation": shifting from so...

A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda

A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda »

Source: A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda

Volume/Issue: 2001/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Matovu , Duanjie Chen , and Ritva Reinikka-Soininen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451844146

Keywords: Tax Incidence, tax rate, tax system, excise taxes, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT),

This paper examines tax policy and tax reforms in Uganda. Using household survey evidence, the paper identifies which taxes are progressive and investigates whether tax reforms have made the poor better or worse of...

U.S. Tax Reform

U.S. Tax Reform »

Source: U.S. Tax Reform : An Overview of the Current Debate and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2005/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dalsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861570

Keywords: Consumption tax, flat tax, national retail sales tax, dual income tax, book tax, alternative minimum tax, estate tax, tax system, taxation, tax reform

In the context of the current tax policy debate in the United States, this paper reviews and discusses some of the main recurrent themes, as well as some of the most important tax reform proposals put forward over...

Firm Investment, Corporate Finance, and Taxation

Firm Investment, Corporate Finance, and Taxation »

Source: Firm Investment, Corporate Finance, and Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2002/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geremia Palomba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875720

Keywords: Firm Investment, Imperfect Capital Markets, Corporate Income Taxation, tax rate, taxation, tax policy, corporate taxation, cost of capital, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT)

This paper examines the intertemporal effect of corporate income taxation on the investment behavior of a firm that faces imperfect capital markets. It shows that when capital markets are imperfect, the optimizing...

VAT Fraud and Evasion

VAT Fraud and Evasion »

Source: VAT Fraud and Evasion : What Do We Know, and What Can be Done?

Volume/Issue: 2007/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Smith , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865950

Keywords: value-added tax, sales tax, enforcement, compliance, noncompliance, vat, vat revenue, vat rate, vat receipts, Taxation

Like any tax, the VAT is vulnerable to evasion and fraud. But its credit and refund mechanism does offer unique opportunities for abuse, and this has recently become an urgent concern in the European Union (EU). Th...

Debt, Taxes, and Banks

Debt, Taxes, and Banks »

Source: Debt, Taxes, and Banks

Volume/Issue: 2012/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Ruud Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937096

Keywords: Bank taxation, corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, tax rate, capital requirement, deposit insurance, bank capital, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT),

Understanding the impact of the asymmetric tax treatment of debt and equity on the capital structures of financial institutions is critical to shaping and assessing responses to the problem of excessive leverage th...

A Superior Hybrid Cash-Flow Taxon Corporations

A Superior Hybrid Cash-Flow Taxon Corporations »

Source: A Superior Hybrid Cash-Flow Taxon Corporations

Volume/Issue: 2006/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863772

Keywords: Corporate income tax, cash-flow tax, tax reform, fixed assets, tax rate, rate of return, tax liability, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General

This paper proposes a new hybrid cash-flow tax on corporations that, on one hand, taxes only excess corporate profits as they accrue, and, on the other hand, treats real and financial transactions neutrally. It is,...