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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries

Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries »

Source: Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2012/070

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2012

ISBN: 9781498339995

Keywords: Developing countries, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal policy, Investment, Monetary policy, Natural resources, Savings, Technical Assistance, Fiscal indicators, Financial crises

This paper aims to widen the prism through which Fund policy analysis is conducted for resource-rich developing countries (RRDCs). While all resource-rich economies face resource revenue exhaustibility and volatili...

The Negative Mean Output Gap

The Negative Mean Output Gap »

Source: The Negative Mean Output Gap

Volume/Issue: 2019/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

ISBN: 9781513511740

Keywords: Accounting systems, Bank rates, Bond yields, Business cycles, Capital, Capital stocks, Central banking, Central banks, Consumption, Cost of capital

We argue that in an economy with downward nominal wage rigidity, the output gap is negative on average. Because it is more difficult to cut wages than to increase them, firms reduce employment more during downturns...

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues »

Source: High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

ISBN: 9781498347044

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Accounting, Accounting systems, Agricultural subsidies, Agriculture, Anti-money laundering, Arrears policy, Balance sheets, Budgeting, Budgets

This is a high-level report on progress in addressing recurring issues identified by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). The Board endorsed the proposal in the Chairman's Summing Up for the Independent Evaluat...

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Source: 2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...

Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries

Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2012/070

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498339995.007

ISBN: 9781498339995

Keywords: Developing countries, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal policy, Investment, Monetary policy, Natural resources, Savings, Technical Assistance, Fiscal indicators, Financial crises

This paper aims to widen the prism through which Fund policy analysis is conducted for resource-rich developing countries (RRDCs). While all resource-rich economies face resource revenue exhaustibility and volatili...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

The Negative Mean Output Gap

The Negative Mean Output Gap »

Volume/Issue: 2019/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511740.001

ISBN: 9781513511740

Keywords: Accounting systems, Bank rates, Bond yields, Business cycles, Capital, Capital stocks, Central banking, Central banks, Consumption, Cost of capital

We argue that in an economy with downward nominal wage rigidity, the output gap is negative on average. Because it is more difficult to cut wages than to increase them, firms reduce employment more during downturns...