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World Economic Outlook, May 1993

World Economic Outlook, May 1993 »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752864.081

ISBN: 9781557752864

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, monetary policy, price stability, free trade

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an o...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067165.086

ISBN: 9781589067165

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, terms of trade, inflation-targeting

The main focus of this report is the outlook for the region in the face of the downturn now projected for the U.S. economy and the continuing risks that affect the global outlook. Overall the region is better place...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere
			: Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351304.086

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

Despite the recent deterioration in the global economic environment, projections for the region involve only a modest worsening of the outlook. The October 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere caution...

World Economic Outlook, January 1993

World Economic Outlook, January 1993 »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451939149.081

ISBN: 9781451939149

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, monetary conditions, terms of trade, monetary fund

This paper highlights that the second part of 1992 has been characterized by flagging consumer and business confidence, weaker-than-expected economic activity-especially in Europe and Japan-and considerable tension...

The ESAF at Ten Years
			: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries

The ESAF at Ten Years : Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756930.051

ISBN: 9781557756930

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, transition economies, structural adjustment, terms of trade

For over 10 years, the IMF has supported adjustment and reform programs in many of its low-income members through two facilities established specifically for that purpose - the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facili...

The CFA Franc Zone
			: Common Currency, Uncommon Challenges

The CFA Franc Zone : Common Currency, Uncommon Challenges »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Gulde , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066755.071

ISBN: 9781589066755

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, terms of trade, exchange rates, monetary policy

About one-third of countries covered by the IMF's African Department are members of the CFA franc zone. With most other countries moving away from fixed exchange rates, the issue of an adequate policy framework to...

Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754585.084

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

This paper assesses the economic performance during 1986-93 of sub-Saharan African countries as a group and of selected analytical subgroups of countries....

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755599.084

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This study examines the links between adjustment policies and growth in a small group of developing countries- Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, India, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, and Thailand - during 1970 -93. It provides...

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353797.071

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

IMF Conditionality
			: Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I:  Key Issues and Findings

IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754929.084

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

This paper is Part I of a two-volume study conducted as a part of the IMF's ongoing process of evaluating its lending facilities. It focuses on IMF-supported programs and macroeconomic performance during 1988-92, r...