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The Nordic Banking Crisis
			: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization:  Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization

The Nordic Banking Crisis : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757005.084

ISBN: 9781557757005

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, deposit insurance, bank lending, financial institutions

This study examines the banking crises in Finland, Norway and Sweden, which took place in the early 1990s, and draws some policy conclusions from their experiences. One key conclusion is that factors in addition to...

Macroprudential Indicators of Financial System Soundness

Macroprudential Indicators of Financial System Soundness »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Alfredo Leone , Mahinder Gill , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758910.084

ISBN: 9781557758910

Keywords: financial institutions, banking, financial system, financial sector, standards

Following the severe financial crises of the 1990s, identifying and assessing financial sector vulnerabilities has become a key priority of the international community. The costly disruptions in global markets unde...

Current Developments in Monetary and Financial Law, Volume 6
			: Restoring Financial Stability--The Legal Response

Current Developments in Monetary and Financial Law, Volume 6 : Restoring Financial Stability--The Legal Response »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350819.072

ISBN: 9781616350819

Keywords: Banking, Central bank policy, Financial stability, Financial institutions, International banking, debt, loans, restructuring, regulation

'Restoring Financial Stability-The Legal Response' is the theme of the sixth volume of 'Current Developments in Monetary and Financial Law.' The book covers a range of issues: frameworks and regulatory reforms in t...

Financial Soundness Indicators
			: Analytical Aspects and Country Practices

Financial Soundness Indicators : Analytical Aspects and Country Practices »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060869.084

ISBN: 9781589060869

Keywords: Economic conditions, financial institutions, financial system, banking, capital adequacy, real estate

The financial turmoil of the late 1990s prompted a broad search for tools and techniques for detecting and preventing financial crises, and more recent episodes of instability have high lighted the importance of co...

Financial Risks, Stability, and Globalization

Financial Risks, Stability, and Globalization »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Omotunde Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060128.072

ISBN: 9781589060128

Keywords: Financial stability, Risk premium, banking, financial system, financial sector, regulation, financial institutions

This book covers financial sector stability issues in the following areas: risk management and governance in financial institutions; financial crises and contagion; domestic monetary and financial policies; and int...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Nordic Banking Crisis : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757005

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, deposit insurance, bank lending, financial institutions

The banking industries in several industrial countries, including the Nordic countries, underwent considerable change in the 1980s. 1 It was a period marked by economic deregulati...

II Banking Regulation and Its Impact on the Structure of the Financial System

II Banking Regulation and Its Impact on the Structure of the Financial System »

Source: The Nordic Banking Crisis : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757005

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, deposit insurance, bank lending, financial institutions

In the early 1980s, the banking systems in Finland, Norway, and Sweden were heavily regulated. The regulations, which shaped the structure of their financial systems, were motivated largely by the same princ...

III Deregulation

III Deregulation »

Source: The Nordic Banking Crisis : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757005

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, deposit insurance, bank lending, financial institutions

The regulation of the financial markets in the Nordic countries led to significant distortions in the allocation and pricing of credit. However, regulatory protection was not sufficient to isolate segments o...

IV Response to Deregulation

IV Response to Deregulation »

Source: The Nordic Banking Crisis : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757005

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, deposit insurance, bank lending, financial institutions

Banks, just like other enterprises, develop their business practices and behavior on the basis of the prevailing regulatory environment, as the preceding section illustrated. Financial deregulation, which wa...

V Boom-and-Bust Cycles and the Banking Crises

V Boom-and-Bust Cycles and the Banking Crises »

Source: The Nordic Banking Crisis : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757005

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, deposit insurance, bank lending, financial institutions

In the previous section, we discussed the response of borrowers, lenders, and policymakers to deregulation; we now turn to the macroeconomic environment that developed following deregulation. All three count...