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Turkey at the Crossroads
			: From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063860.084

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

The key policy challenge for Turkey in the years ahead will be to enhance and consolidate the advances made since the nation's 2000-01 economic crisis. Higher growth could reduce unemployment and raise living stand...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Almost five years after the 2000–01 economic crisis, the fortunes of the Turkish economy have been transformed. The economy has grown rapidly for three successive years, inflation h...

II Economic Growth in Turkey, 1960–2000

II Economic Growth in Turkey, 1960–2000 »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

In the face of a global economic slowdown after 1980, countries that maintained or increased growth rates typically expanded trade and deepened their financial systems as well. Grow...

III Turkey’s Inflation Process

III Turkey’s Inflation Process »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Turkey has had a long history of persistently high inflation. Inflation started to take off during the 1970s and peaked at more than 100 percent in the mid-1990s. Following an unsuccessful exchange rate-base...

IV Balance Sheet Developments Since the Crisis

IV Balance Sheet Developments Since the Crisis »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Following what is called a “balance sheet approach,” this chapter assesses the effect of the 2001 crisis on Turkey’s main economic sectors, the role those sectors played in resolving the crisis, and how they...

V How Much Debt Is Too Much?

V How Much Debt Is Too Much? »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Turkey has made good progress in reducing its public debt ratio since 2001, but the ratio is still high and remains a key source of vulnerability. A strong fiscal effort and the successful stabilization of t...

VI Progress and Challenges in Public Debt Management

VI Progress and Challenges in Public Debt Management »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

In assessing debt management operations in Turkey since 2001, this chapter focuses on how the debt structure and the institutional framework for risk management have changed since the financial crisis and wh...

VII Lessons from an Empirical Model of Fiscal Policy in Emerging Markets

VII Lessons from an Empirical Model of Fiscal Policy in Emerging Markets »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

The degree and sustainability of “fiscal effort” in Turkey can be measured using a simple empirical model of fiscal policy behavior that integrates the role played by economic, political, and fiscal institut...

VIII Sustainability of the Fiscal Adjustment

VIII Sustainability of the Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

This chapter examines the composition of Turkey’s numerous fiscal adjustments over the last decade in the context of academic literature that analyzes the cross-country experience of what constitutes a succe...

IX Bank Restructuring and Financial Sector Reform

IX Bank Restructuring and Financial Sector Reform »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

The Turkish banking system was highly concentrated at the end of the 1990s. Three large state banks represented about 27 percent of total assets, while the five largest private banks accounted for almost 40...