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IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757838.084

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

This paper is a preliminary review of the design of and early experience with IMF-supported programs in Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand during 1997-98. The review takes into account developments as of October 1998,...

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753502.084

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

This paper explores the experience of six countries (Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Mexico, Spain and Thailand) with capital inflows. It illustrates that although capital inflows are usually beneficial, too great an inflo...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The crisis that erupted in Asia's financial markets in 1997 has had dramatic effects on the countries involved: it precipitated deep recessions in these “tiger economies,” resulting in a sharp drop of living...

II Background to the Crisis

II Background to the Crisis »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

In many respects, the Asian crisis differed from previous financial crises that created a need for the IMF's assistance. It was rooted primarily in financial system vulnerabilities and other structural weakn...

III Program Design

III Program Design »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

Basic Strategy The policy response to the Asian crisis needed to be adapted to the distinctive features of the crisis. Understanding of the nature of the crisis was less clear when t...

IV Program Financing and Market Reactions

IV Program Financing and Market Reactions »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The sufficiency of financing is key to the viability of any IMF-supported program. The Asian crisis countries' estimated financing needs were heavily dominated by the capital account and in particular the as...

V Macroeconomic Environment

V Macroeconomic Environment »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The Asian crisis plunged the countries affected into deep recessions. As of October 1998, real GDP was estimated to decline in 1998 by 7 percent in Korea, 8 percent in Thailand, and 15 percent in Indonesia....

VI Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies

VI Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

Monetary policy in the Asian crisis programs faced a difficult task of balancing two objectives. On the one side was the desire to avoid a depreciation-inflation spiral. During the crisis, exchange rates ini...

VII Fiscal Policy

VII Fiscal Policy »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The role envisaged for fiscal policy in the Asian crisis countries has shifted with the changing assessment of the economic situation. The initial programs in all three countries included some measure of fis...

VIII Structural Reforms

VIII Structural Reforms »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

A central part of the programs in the Asian crisis countries was an unprecedented body of structural reforms ranging from restructuring insolvent financial institutions, to promoting competition in the domes...