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IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757838.084

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

This paper is a preliminary review of the design of and early experience with IMF-supported programs in Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand during 1997-98. The review takes into account developments as of October 1998,...

The East Asian Crisis

The East Asian Crisis »

Source: The East Asian Crisis : Macroeconomic Developments and Policy Lessons

Volume/Issue: 1998/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Prakash Loungani , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451935547

Keywords: crisis countries, exchange rate, asian crisis, exchange rates, contagion

This paper reviews macroeconomic developments during the first year of the crisis in east Asia and draws some preliminary policy lessons. The crisis is rooted in the interaction of large capital inflows and weak pr...

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries »

Source: Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries : Filling in the "Hollow Middle"?

Volume/Issue: 2001/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Hernández , and Peter Montiel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451858426

Keywords: exchange rate policy, exchange rate, crisis countries, pre-crisis, post-crisis period, exchange rates

Following the 1997-98 financial turmoil, crisis countries in Asia moved toward either floating or fixed exchange rate systems, reinforcing the bipolar view of exchange rate regimes and the "hollow middle" hypothesi...

The IMF and the World Bank
			: How Do They Differ?

The IMF and the World Bank : How Do They Differ? »

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): David Driscoll

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754059.038

ISBN: 9781557754059

Keywords: balance of payments, exchange rate, exchange rates, debt crisis, foreign exchange, domestic currency, balance of payment, central banks, flexible exchange rates, exchange reserves

This paper discusses how the IMF and the World Bank differ from each other. The IMF is small and, unlike the World Bank, has no affiliates or subsidiaries. Most IMF staff members work at headquarters in Washington,...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The crisis that erupted in Asia's financial markets in 1997 has had dramatic effects on the countries involved: it precipitated deep recessions in these “tiger economies,” resulting in a sharp drop of living...

II Background to the Crisis

II Background to the Crisis »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

In many respects, the Asian crisis differed from previous financial crises that created a need for the IMF's assistance. It was rooted primarily in financial system vulnerabilities and other structural weakn...

III Program Design

III Program Design »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

Basic Strategy The policy response to the Asian crisis needed to be adapted to the distinctive features of the crisis. Understanding of the nature of the crisis was less clear when t...

IV Program Financing and Market Reactions

IV Program Financing and Market Reactions »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The sufficiency of financing is key to the viability of any IMF-supported program. The Asian crisis countries' estimated financing needs were heavily dominated by the capital account and in particular the as...

V Macroeconomic Environment

V Macroeconomic Environment »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The Asian crisis plunged the countries affected into deep recessions. As of October 1998, real GDP was estimated to decline in 1998 by 7 percent in Korea, 8 percent in Thailand, and 15 percent in Indonesia....

VI Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies

VI Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

Monetary policy in the Asian crisis programs faced a difficult task of balancing two objectives. On the one side was the desire to avoid a depreciation-inflation spiral. During the crisis, exchange rates ini...