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The Baltics
			: Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063266.058

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Large current account deficits in Estonia and Latvia, and the continued real appreciation of the exchange rate in Lithuania, have prompted concerns about the competitiveness of the Baltic economies, and called into...

The European Monetary System
			: The Experience, 1979-82

The European Monetary System : The Experience, 1979-82 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Nyberg , Horst Ungerer , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750631.084

ISBN: 9781557750631

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary system, european monetary system

This paper is concerned with developments in the European Monetary System (EMS) from its start in March 1979 through December 1982....

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Chapter 4 in the main text), and (2) the concept of external balance, based on the asset market view of exchange rate determination. Long-run relationships between real exchange...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Figure 1). 1 Current account deficits of this magnitude are clearly unsustainable over the medium to longer term. While foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows remai...

Chapter 2. Assessing Competitiveness

Chapter 2. Assessing Competitiveness »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

This chapter assesses developments in the Baltic countries’ external competitiveness by reviewing a range of standard indicators. These include price-and cost-based measures of the real effective exchange ra...

Chapter 3. Productivity Developments in the Baltics

Chapter 3. Productivity Developments in the Baltics »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

18 It refers to how well an economy uses the resources it has available by relating the quantity (and ideally quality) of inputs to outputs. It is generally accepte...

Chapter 4. Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates

Chapter 4. Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Chapter 3 can explain the observed appreciation in real exchange rates in the Baltics. Some illustrative econometric estimates of equilibrium exchange rates in the Baltics are then presented. Al...

Chapter 5. Conclusions and Policy Implications

Chapter 5. Conclusions and Policy Implications »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Since 1999, real effective exchange rates in the Baltics have been quite stable compared to the strong real appreciations experienced earlier in the transition process. REER indicators based on measures of r...

DTS, or et Monnaies
			: Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique

DTS, or et Monnaies : Troisième exposé sur les changements intervenus dans le domaine juridique »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1980

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451925913.054

ISBN: 9781451925913

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary system, monetary fund, central bank, european monetary system, exchange arrangements, international monetary system, court, exchange risks

...

Confronting Crisis
			: Global Cooperation and the International Monetary Fund

Confronting Crisis : Global Cooperation and the International Monetary Fund »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Joe Procopio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343169.073

ISBN: 9781498343169

Keywords: Africa, Europe, Fund history, Gold, Keynesian economics, Systemic crisis management, Financial crisis, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Global financial crisis, 2008-2009, Capital flows

A history of the origins and 70-year history of the IMF as told in graphic novel form....