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Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756152.051

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindust...

Welfare Reform in the United States

Welfare Reform in the United States »

Source: Welfare Reform in the United States

Volume/Issue: 1995/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Nedde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451854664

Keywords: benefits, welfare system, welfare recipients, welfare reform, food stamps

This paper reviews the structure and trends of the U.S. welfare system and the U.S. Administration’s reform proposals. It shows that, despite the attention the program receives, the welfare program is actual...

Strategic use of public-private cooperation in the Nordic region

Strategic use of public-private cooperation in the Nordic region »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ole Helby Petersen , Steven Højlund , Jacob Ladenburg , Eline Theresa Bouwhof Holljen , Karsten Vrangbæk , and Guri Weihe

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289321983

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Welfare States, Significant Demographic Challenges, Financial Sustainability, New Welfare Technologies, Public-Private Partnerships, Welfare Solutions

The Nordic welfare states are facing significant demographic challenges now and in the future. At the same time life expectancy of the citizens is increasing. Thus more senior citizens need to be cared for by still...

Fiscal Policy Rules for Oil-Producing Countries

Fiscal Policy Rules for Oil-Producing Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy Rules for Oil-Producing Countries : A Welfare-Based Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872736

Keywords: nonrenewable resource, oil producers, oil, permanent income, social welfare, welfare function, social welfare function, welfare functions, social welfare functions,

The paper presents numerical simulations of various fiscal rules for oil-producing countries. Welfare implications are sensitive to the choice of the social welfare function, initial conditions, and non-oil growth...

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation : Rice Tariffs Versus Targeted Transfers in Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2008/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul A. Dorosh , David Coady , and Bart Minten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868715

Keywords: Rice tariffs, targeted transfers, efficiency, distribution, revenue, welfare impact, social welfare, welfare distribution, welfare function, household welfare,

This paper uses a partial equilibrium framework to evaluate the relative efficiency, distributional and revenue implications of rice tariffs and targeted transfers in Madagascar, especially in the context of identi...

Policy Reform, Shadow Prices, and Market Prices

Policy Reform, Shadow Prices, and Market Prices »

Source: Policy Reform, Shadow Prices, and Market Prices

Volume/Issue: 1988/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 1988

ISBN: 9781451951608

Keywords: shadow prices, unemployment, social welfare function, social welfare

How should possible policy reforms and projects be assessed when prices give misleading signals? Revenues and costs at market prices then give distorted measures of social gains and losses and our appraisal should...

Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Source: Confronting Budget Deficits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

Political leaders have so frequently cried wolf over budgetary spending that voters are skeptical about talk of budgetary crises. This is unfortunate, since deficits should arouse genuine concern, particular...

Argentina

Argentina »

Source: Argentina : Macroeconomic Crisis and Household Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2003/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Ana Corbacho , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851304

Keywords: macroeconomic crisis, household welfare, unemployment, employment, unemployed, unemployment insurance, unemployment rates, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, General Welfare,

Using urban household surveys, we constructed a panel dataset to study the effects of the Argentine macroeconomic crisis of 1999-2002 with the aim of (1) identifying the most vulnerable households, (2) investigatin...

Lucas vs. Lucas

Lucas vs. Lucas »

Source: Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships

Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships

Volume/Issue: 2016/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edward Buffie , Michele Andreolli , Bin Grace Li , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2016

ISBN: 9781484307700

Keywords: Public-private Partnerships, Unemployment, Underinvestment, Welfare.

The voluminous literature comparing public-private partnerships (P3s) and own-investment (OI) by the public sector is dominated by contributions from microeconomic theory. This paper gives macroeconomics a voice in...