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The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Spending Seigniorage

Spending Seigniorage »

Source: Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Tax Revenue Downturns

Tax Revenue Downturns »

Source: Tax Revenue Downturns : Anatomy and Links to Imports

Volume/Issue: 2010/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kun Li , and Pablo Lopez Murphy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201211

Keywords: downturns, tax revenues, fiscal policy, tax policy, tax bases, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, Taxation, Subsidies

We study historical tax revenue downturn episodes-where tax revenue-to-GDP ratios decline sharply-and explore the link between tax revenues and imports. We document that downturn episodes of at least 1 percentage p...

Measuring Fiscal Decentralization

Measuring Fiscal Decentralization »

Source: Measuring Fiscal Decentralization : Exploring the IMF's Databases

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455263431

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, fiscal centralization, government finance, compensation of employees, fiscal decentralization, local governments, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, Structure

Conventional wisdom postulates that there are benefits from decentralizing government finances but there is little empirical evidence about actual country practices. This paper presents data on fiscal decentralizat...

Districting and Government Overspending

Districting and Government Overspending »

Source: Districting and Government Overspending

Volume/Issue: 2001/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reza Baqir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851915

Keywords: fiscal institutions, electoral systems, comparative politics, city council, government expenditures, city government, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, State and Local Budget and Expenditures,

The common-pool problem is a central issue in the relationship between the political structure of jurisdictions and the size of public spending. Models predict that, other things being equal, greater political dist...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis

Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis »

Source: Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis : Toward the "Next-Generation" Rules: A New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2012/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Andrea Schaechter , Anke Weber , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505351

Keywords: fiscal governance, budget balance, national fiscal rules, fiscal rule, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Deficit Surplus,

Strengthening fiscal frameworks, in particular fiscal rules, has emerged as a key response to the fiscal legacy of the crisis. This paper takes stock of fiscal rules in use around the world, compiles a dataset - co...

Democratic Accountability, Deficit Bias, and Independent Fiscal Agencies

Democratic Accountability, Deficit Bias, and Independent Fiscal Agencies »

Source: Democratic Accountability, Deficit Bias, and Independent Fiscal Agencies

Volume/Issue: 2011/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Debrun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462313327

Keywords: Fiscal councils, deficit bias, delegation, central bank, fiscal institutions, fiscal agencies, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Deficit Surplus,

Despite growing interest among policymakers, there is no theory of independent fiscal institutions. The emerging literature on "fiscal councils" typically makes informal parallels with the theory of central bank in...

Quantifying Structural Subsidy Values for Systemically Important Financial Institutions

Quantifying Structural Subsidy Values for Systemically Important Financial Institutions »

Source: Quantifying Structural Subsidy Values for Systemically Important Financial Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2012/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Beatrice Weder di Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503654

Keywords: bank funding subsidy, bank bailout, probability, financial institutions, samples, financial stability, financial sector, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Structure, Scope

Claimants to SIFIs receive transfers when governments are forced into bailouts. Ex ante, the bailout expectation lowers daily funding costs. This funding cost differential reflects both the structural level of the...

Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle

Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle »

Source: Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle

Volume/Issue: 2010/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451962536

Keywords: fiscal impulses, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General, National Deficit Surplus,

This paper presents a detailed analysis of the average fiscal policy responses of oil producing countries (OPCs) to the recent oil price cycle. We find that OPCs worsened their non-oil primary balances substantiall...