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The Macroeconomic and Distributional Implications of Fiscal Consolidations in Low-income Countries

The Macroeconomic and Distributional Implications of Fiscal Consolidations in Low-income Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomic and Distributional Implications of Fiscal Consolidations in Low-income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2018/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adrian Peralta-Alva , Marina Mendes Tavares , Xuan Tam , and Xin Tang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484363034

Keywords: Fiscal Consolidations, Inequality, Low-income Countries, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

We quantitatively investigate the macroeconomic and distributional impacts of fiscal consolidations in low-income countries (LICs) through value added tax (VAT), personal income tax (PIT), and corporate income tax...

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies »

Source: Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies

Volume/Issue: 2018/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , Niny Khor , Rui Mano , Johanna Schauer , Philippe Wingender , and Juzhong Zhuang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484357538

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, Fiscal policy, Income inequality, structural change, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, General

China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past two decades and is on the brink of eradicating poverty. However, income inequality increased sharply from the early 1980s and rendered China among the most...

Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency1

Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency1 »

Source: Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency

Volume/Issue: 2014/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Caroline-Antonia Goerl , and Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484354711

Keywords: transfer dependency, COFOG, decentralization, fiscal federalism, federalism, government expenditure, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Intergovernmental Relations,

Within the context of reigniting post crisis macroeconomic growth, income inequality has emerged as a topic of significant interest for both academics and policymakers (Bastagli, Coady, and Gupta, 2012) This study...

Revenue Administration

Revenue Administration »

Source: Revenue Administration : Implementing a High-Wealth Individual Compliance Program

Volume: 17

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Lucilla Mc Laughlin , and John Buchanan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475592948

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax Administration; Tax Compliance; Tax Avoidance; Tax Audit; Personal Income Tax; Compliance Risk Management; High Wealth Individual; Ultra-High Wealth Individual; HWI Compliance Program, Tax Administration, Tax Compliance, Tax Avoidance, Tax Audit; Personal Income Tax, Compliance Risk Management, High Wealth Individual, Ultra-High Wealth Individual, HWI Compliance Program

This technical note is provided as guidance to tax administrations that are considering a program to enhance the tax compliance of high wealth individuals. The note explains the rationale for a specialized complian...

Two Sides of the Same Coin? Rebalancing and Inclusive Growth in China

Two Sides of the Same Coin? Rebalancing and Inclusive Growth in China »

Source: Two Sides of the Same Coin? Rebalancing and Inclusive Growth in China

Volume/Issue: 2013/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Xin Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484386576

Keywords: Inequality, Rebalancing., gini, gini index, measures of inequality, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Rebalancing,

This paper uses the Shapley Value decomposition technique to assess the factors behind the rise of inequality in China. It finds that, in many ways, inequality may have been an inevitable by-product of China&#x2019...

Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict

Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict »

Source: Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict

Volume/Issue: 2006/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864182

Keywords: inflation tax, inflation tax rate, monetary fund, average inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy,

This paper presents and then tests a political economy model to analyze the observed positive relationship between income inequality and inflation. The model's key features are unequal access to both inflation-hedg...

National Income and Its Distribution*

National Income and Its Distribution* »

Source: National Income and Its Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2014/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , Era Dabla-Norris , and Mark Gradstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498347815

Keywords: inequality, growth, gini, gini coefficient, dependent variable, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Does the distribution of income within a country become more equal as it grows richer? This paper uses plausibly exogenous variations in trade-weighted world income and international oil price shocks as instruments...

A Generalized Framework for the Assessment of Household Financial Vulnerability

A Generalized Framework for the Assessment of Household Financial Vulnerability »

Source: A Generalized Framework for the Assessment of Household Financial Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2017/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mindaugas Leika , and Daniela Marchettini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484322352

Keywords: Credit risk, Sensitivity analysis, household, stress test, microdata, non–;parametric methods, non-parametric methods, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

Household financial fragility has received considerable attention following the global financial crisis, but substantial gaps remain in the analytical underpinnings of household financial vulnerability assessment,...

Habit Formation and Persistence in Individual Asset Portfolio Holdings

Habit Formation and Persistence in Individual Asset Portfolio Holdings »

Source: Habit Formation and Persistence in Individual Asset Portfolio Holdings : The Case of Italy

Volume/Issue: 2006/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sònia Muñoz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862898

Keywords: Portfolio Allocations, Incomplete Markets, Habits, Multiperiod Multinomial Probit, bonds, financial assets, correlation, probability, probabilities, Personal Income

This paper uses six waves of the Bank of Italy Survey of Households Income and Wealth to explore the dynamics of asset portfolio ownership. The household asset portfolio decision is a choice among discrete alternat...

Inflation and Income Inequality

Inflation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inflation and Income Inequality : Is Food Inflation Different?

Volume/Issue: 2012/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504163

Keywords: core inflation, monetary fund, central bank, monetary policy, high inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Urban, Rural

There is an extensive literature noting that high inflation can add to income inequality, and a parallel literature assessing the effect of rising food prices on the poor. This paper attempts to combine these stran...