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Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064966.084

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries (LICs) have improved markedly in recent years, but important questions remain regarding possible adjustments in the design of IMF-supported programs in such countries....

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

Aftermath of the CFA Franc Devaluation

Aftermath of the CFA Franc Devaluation »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé , Johannes Mueller , Jean Le Dem , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755612.084

ISBN: 9781557755612

Keywords: central bank, central banks, monetary policy, inflation, money market

Developments in the countries of the CFA franc zone in the aftermath of the January 1994 devaluation of the CFA franc are reviewed in this paper. Following a summary of the new adjusment strategy, the papers descri...

Financial Sector Development in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Financial Sector Development in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jean-Pierre Briffaut , George Iden , Peter Hayward , Tonny Lybek , Hassanali Mehran , Piero Ugolini , and Stephen Swaray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757586.084

ISBN: 9781557757586

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, monetary policy, payments

This study takes stock of progress made so far in the financial sectors of sub-saharan African countries. It recommends further reforms and specific measures in the areas of supervision, development of monetary ope...

Credibility Without Rules

Credibility Without Rules »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Curzio Giannini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756442.084

ISBN: 9781557756442

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regime, inflation, central bank, monetary policy

During the last 25 years, monetary practice in most countries has increasingly been characterized by the attempt to achieve credibility of purpose while expanding the freedom of monetary authorities in controlling...

The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid
			: Lessons from Recent Experience

The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid : Lessons from Recent Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Mumtaz Hussain , Shaun Roache , Amber Mahone , Tokhir Mirzoev , and Shekhar Aiyar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065918.084

ISBN: 9781589065918

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, real exchange rate, monetary policy

This study analyzes key issues associated with large increases in aid, including absorptive capacity, Dutch disease, and inflation. The authors develop a framework that emphasizes the different roles of monetary an...

Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064386.084

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

The most salient trend in monetary policy over the past two decades has been increasing reliance on money market operations, which reflects the belief that allowing market forces to allocate financial resources bri...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries have improved markedly in recent years. Reflecting improvements in policy implementation, increased official financial support, and a relatively benign internat...

II Stylized Facts of PRGF-Supported Programs in Mature Stabilizers

II Stylized Facts of PRGF-Supported Programs in Mature Stabilizers »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

PRGF-supported programs in the 15 mature stabilizers during 2000–03 have generally sought to consolidate macroeconomic stability and foster growth. By and large, growth outcomes have been in line with progra...

III Monetary Policy Issues in PRGF-Supported Programs

III Monetary Policy Issues in PRGF-Supported Programs »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

As noted above, maintaining inflation in the low single digits is an important feature of PRGF-supported programs in the mature stabilizers. In general, programs sought to keep inflation in the 4–6 percent r...