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Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea »

Source: Papua New Guinea : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451831603

Keywords: expenditure, salaries, wages, government expenditure, central government expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Hong Kong SAR
			: Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062948.084

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

This Occasional Paper provides an overview of the main challenges facing Hong Kong SAR as it continues to become more closely integrated with the mainland of China. Section I provides an overview of recent macroeco...

Fiscal Implications of Government Wage Bill Spending

Fiscal Implications of Government Wage Bill Spending »

Source: Fiscal Implications of Government Wage Bill Spending

Volume/Issue: 2019/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kamil Dybczak , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484392157

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Public employment, Public Wages, Government Expenditure, General

This paper discusses the short- and medium-term fiscal implications of government wage bill spending. Working with a sample of 137 advanced, emerging and low-income countries, we use a panel VAR approach to identif...

Papua New Guinea
			: Statistical Appendix

Papua New Guinea : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451831603.002

ISBN: 9781451831603

Keywords: expenditure, salaries, wages, government expenditure, central government expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR) enjoyed impressive economic growth, high levels of income, and close-to-full employment for years until the Asian crisis of...

II Economic Integration Between Hong Kong SAR and Mainland China

II Economic Integration Between Hong Kong SAR and Mainland China »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong SAR’s economic ties with the mainland have strengthened since its return to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. Following the relocation of most of its manufacturing production t...

III Fiscal Outlook and Policy Options

III Fiscal Outlook and Policy Options »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Fiscal policy in Hong Kong SAR has traditionally been conservative. The fiscal balance remained in surplus between FY1985 and FY1997, resulting in an accumulated fiscal reserve of a...

IV Determinants of, and Prospects for, Property Prices

IV Determinants of, and Prospects for, Property Prices »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

The evolution of property prices has important implications for macroeconomic outcomes in Hong Kong SAR. Property price declines, such as those experienced during the past five year...

V Deflation Dynamics

V Deflation Dynamics »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong SAR has experienced continued deflation since the last quarter of 1998. The composite consumer price index (CPI) fell by almost 14 percent from the third quarter of 1998 u...

VI Trends in Wage Inequality, 1981–2001

VI Trends in Wage Inequality, 1981–2001 »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Income inequality in Hong Kong SAR has increased rapidly over the last twenty years (Figure 6.1). The Gini coefficient, a commonly used summary measure of household income inequalit...