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Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : A New Database

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484393857

Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General

This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individu...

Commodity Price Shocks and Fiscal Outcomes

Commodity Price Shocks and Fiscal Outcomes »

Source: Commodity Price Shocks and Fiscal Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 2012/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503333

Keywords: Commodity Booms, export prices, commodity export, commodity exporters, exporters, import prices, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

The experience of developing countries over 1990-2010 indicates that commodity prices have a significant impact on fiscal outcomes. Both revenue and expenditure rise in response to commodity (import or export) pric...

Commodity Price Shocks and Financial Sector Fragility

Commodity Price Shocks and Financial Sector Fragility »

Source: Commodity Price Shocks and Financial Sector Fragility

Volume/Issue: 2016/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tidiane Kinda , Montfort Mlachila , and Rasmané Ouedraogo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498328722

Keywords: financial sector fragility, commodity, price, commodity price, prices, financial sector, General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries

This paper investigates the impact of commodity price shocks on financial sector fragility. Using a large sample of 71 commodity exporters among emerging and developing economies, it shows that negative shocks to c...

End of the Supercycle and Growth of Commodity Producers

End of the Supercycle and Growth of Commodity Producers »

Source: End of the Supercycle and Growth of Commodity Producers : The Case of Chile

Volume/Issue: 2015/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513531557

Keywords: Growth, prices, price, copper prices, copper price, market, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Global Commodity Crises, General,

This paper estimates the effect of copper prices on Chile's growth at various time horizons. We find that a price decline is likely to have a durable (although not permanent) effect on GDP growth: while the impact...

What Explains the Rise in Food Price Volatility?

What Explains the Rise in Food Price Volatility? »

Source: What Explains the Rise in Food Price Volatility?

Volume/Issue: 2010/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455201129

Keywords: Volatility, Agricultural Economics, food price, commodity prices, palm oil, futures markets, open interest, General Financial Markets,

The macroeconomic effects of large food price swings can be broad and far-reaching, including the balance of payments of importers and exporters, budgets, inflation, and poverty. For market participants and policym...

International Commodity Prices and Domestic Bank Lending in Developing Countries

International Commodity Prices and Domestic Bank Lending in Developing Countries »

Source: International Commodity Prices and Domestic Bank Lending in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/279

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isha Agrawal , Rupa Duttagupta , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484333044

Keywords: Commodity prices, Developing countries, Bank lending; Commodity prices; Macro-financial linkages; Developing countries, Bank lending, Macro-financial linkages, General, International Lending and Debt Problems, Global Commodity Crises

We study the role of the bank-lending channel in propagating fluctuations in commodity prices to credit aggregates and economic activity in developing countries. We use data on more than 1,600 banks from 78 develop...

Financial Resource Curse in Resource-Rich Countries

Financial Resource Curse in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Financial Resource Curse in Resource-Rich Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , and Rasmané Ouedraogo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484310144

Keywords: Commodity price shocks, financial sector development, General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Government Policy and Regulation

Why do commodity-dependent developing countries have typically lower levels of financial development than their peers? The literature has proposed many possible explanations, but it typically does not dwell on the...

Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries

Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Paulo Medas , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475596465

Keywords: resource-rich countries, procyclical fiscal policy, commodity, prices, price, fiscal policy, General, Models with Panel Data, All Countries,, Natural resources

Resource-rich countries face large and persistent shocks, especially coming from volatile commodity prices. Given the severity of the shocks, it would be expected that these countries adopt countercyclical fiscal p...

Riding the Energy Transition

Riding the Energy Transition »

Source: Riding the Energy Transition : Oil Beyond 2040

Volume/Issue: 2017/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Aditya Pande

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2017

ISBN: 9781484301128

Keywords: oil price, energy transition, electric vehicle, renewable energy, Global Commodity Crises, General, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences

Recent technological developments and past technology transitions suggest that the world could be on the verge of a profound shift in transportation technology. The return of the electric car and its adoption, like...

Measures of Fiscal Risk in  Hydrocarbon-Exporting Countries

Measures of Fiscal Risk in Hydrocarbon-Exporting Countries »

Source: Measures of Fiscal Risk in Hydrocarbon-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2012/260

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Caceres , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475530162

Keywords: stochastic simulations, volatility, break-even prices, exporting countries, commodity prices, break-even prices., Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Financial Forecasting and Simulation, General, Government Policy,

The recent relatively high levels of global oil prices have led to a significant improvement in the public finances of several hydrocarbon-exporting countries. However, despite the increase in fiscal buffers, mediu...