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Reflating Japan

Reflating Japan »

Source: Reflating Japan : Time to Get Unconventional?

Volume/Issue: 2016/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Dennis Botman , Kevin Clinton , Pietro Cova , Vitor Gaspar , Zoltan Jakab , Douglas Laxton , Constant Lonkeng Ngouana , Joannes Mongardini , and Hou Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475523140

Keywords: Japan; monetary policy; fiscal policy; incomes policy; structural reforms

Japan has ambitious economic goals: 3 percent nominal growth; 2 percent inflation; and a primary budget surplus. Abenomics has employed the three arrows of monetary, fiscal and structural policies, but the goals re...

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1 »

Source: Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Carolina Correa-Caro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303689

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Synthetic Control Method, Structural Reform, General, Comparative Studies of Countries

We estimate the effects on growth of nine fiscal reform episodes in seven high-income countries using the Synthetic Control Method. These episodes are selected using an indicator-based approach applied to the evalu...

Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area

Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area »

Source: Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2017/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Vitor Gaspar , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475572919

Keywords: Political economy, Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, political economy factors, deficit bias, procyclicality, fiscal rules

This paper provides evidence of fiscal procyclicality, excessive deficits, distorted budget composition and poor compliance with fiscal rules in the euro area. Our analysis relies on real-time data for 19 countries...

Addressing Korea's Long-Term Fiscal Challenges

Addressing Korea's Long-Term Fiscal Challenges »

Source: Addressing Korea's Long-Term Fiscal Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2008/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Murtaza Syed , Michael Skaarup , and Tarhan Feyzioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868890

Keywords: Korea, Simulation, Sustainability, Tax Reform, General Equilibrium, pension, pension reform, tax rates, pension fund, fiscal policy

Korea is on the verge of an unprecedented demographic shift. In coming decades, rapid aging will transform it from one of the youngest populations in the OECD to among the oldest in record time. In turn, this shift...

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan »

Source: The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211913

Keywords: tax reform, structural policies, public debt, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

With Japan's public debt reaching historical levels, the need for fiscal consolidation and structural reforms have increased. As fiscal consolidation will require a sustained and large adjustment in the fiscal bala...

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies1

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies1 »

Source: When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies

Volume/Issue: 2016/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Bordon , Christian Ebeke , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513589923

Keywords: Structural reforms, employment, monetary policy, fiscal policy, product market, labor market, labor, employment rate, General, All Countries,

Structural reforms are expected to lift growth and employment, but their effects are surprisingly difficult to pin down empirically. One reason is their potential endogeneity to the economic environment in which th...

The Russian Flat Tax Reform

The Russian Flat Tax Reform »

Source: The Russian Flat Tax Reform

Volume/Issue: 2005/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Alexander Klemm , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860351

Keywords: Tax reform, flat tax, tax payments, tax rates, social taxes, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household,

Russia dramatically reduced its higher rates of personal income tax (PIT) in 2001 establishing a single marginal rate at the low level of 13 percent. In the following year, real revenue from the PIT actually increa...

Tax Reforms and Fiscal Shock Smoothing

Tax Reforms and Fiscal Shock Smoothing »

Source: Tax Reforms and Fiscal Shock Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 2019/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Amaglobeli , Laura Jaramillo , Pooja Karnane , and Aleksandra Zdzienicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315623

Keywords: Tax reforms, Fiscal policy, Tax rates, Tax collection, Tax elasticity, Fiscal Stabilization, tax reform, progressivity, blue bar, tax base

This paper examines the role of tax policy reforms in enhancing fiscal shock smoothing in a panel of 13 OECD economies during the period 1980-2017. The results suggest that tax reforms, in particular those that bro...

Pension Reform Options in Chile

Pension Reform Options in Chile »

Source: Pension Reform Options in Chile : Some Tradeoffs

Volume/Issue: 2017/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marika Santoro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475586206

Keywords: Pension reforms, Chile, Pensions, Private savings, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Indirect taxation, Macro-fiscal analysis, General equilibrium models, macroeconomic analysis

In this paper, we study the macroeconomic impact of pension reform options in Chile, using a dynamic general equilibrium model. The main reform proposal considers raising contributions (employer side) and vehicle a...

Budget Consolidation

Budget Consolidation »

Source: Budget Consolidation : Short-Term Pain and Long-Term Gain

Volume/Issue: 2010/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Laxton , Susanna Mursula , Kevin Clinton , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201464

Keywords: current account imbalances, tax reform, income taxes, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The paper evaluates the costs and benefits of fiscal consolidation using simulations based on the IMFs global DSGE model GIMF. Over the longer run, well-targeted permanent reductions in budget deficits lead to a co...