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When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies1

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies1 »

Source: When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies

Volume/Issue: 2016/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Bordon , Christian Ebeke , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513589923

Keywords: Structural reforms, employment, monetary policy, fiscal policy, product market, labor market, labor, employment rate, General, All Countries,

Structural reforms are expected to lift growth and employment, but their effects are surprisingly difficult to pin down empirically. One reason is their potential endogeneity to the economic environment in which th...

Staff Background Paper for the G20 Surveillance Note - Priorities for Structural Reforms in G20 Countries

Staff Background Paper for the G20 Surveillance Note - Priorities for Structural Reforms in G20 Countries »

Source: Staff Background Paper for the G20 Surveillance Note - Priorities for Structural Reforms in G20 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/043

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2016

ISBN: 9781498345408

Keywords: Economic conditions, Total factor productivity, Fiscal policy, Balance of payments, Labor market reforms, policy space, structural reform, advanced economy, debt-to-GDP ratio, labor market reform

provide a powerful lift to growth-both in the short and the long term-if they are well aligned with individual country conditions . These include an economy's level of development, its position in the economic cycl...

Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Fostering Growth in Europe Now »

Source: Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Jesmin Rahman , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504644

Keywords: Euro Area, Real effective exchange rates, Macroprudential Policy, Growth, unemployment, macroeconomic policy, structural reform, fiscal policy, labor market, employment

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Reconciling Stability and Growth

Reconciling Stability and Growth »

Source: Reconciling Stability and Growth : Smart Pacts and Structural Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2003/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roel Beetsma , and Xavier Debrun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451858716

Keywords: Structural reforms, Stability and Growth Pact, Monetary Union, Sanctions, unemployment, employment, employment protection, fiscal policy, fiscal rules, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

This paper analyzes the decision of a government facing electoral uncertainty to implement structural reforms in the presence of fiscal restraints similar to the Stability and Growth Pact. The model shows that a pa...

Staff Note for the G-20-A Guiding Framework for Structural Reforms

Staff Note for the G-20-A Guiding Framework for Structural Reforms »

Source: Staff Note for the G-20-A Guiding Framework for Structural Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2016/001

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2016

ISBN: 9781498345798

Keywords: Demand, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Group of Twenty, Monetary policy, Supply and demand, Development, Total factor productivity

This note responds to a request from the G20 for IMF assistance in helping develop priorities and guiding principles for structural reforms. Structural reforms have long been a central element of the G20's strategy...

Lessons from Successful Labor Market Reformers in Europe

Lessons from Successful Labor Market Reformers in Europe »

Source: Lessons from Successful Labor Market Reformers in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2007/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Anthony Annett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451975352

Keywords: Fiscal adjustment, Europe, Employment, Labor supply, Labor market reforms, Political economy, Wage moderation, Wage bargaining, Tax reductions, labor market

Welfare states can be reformed successfully, and popular support for reforms can be maintained. But this requires an internally consistent package of labor market, fiscal, and product market reforms, including some...

Lifting Euro Area Growth

Lifting Euro Area Growth »

Source: Lifting Euro Area Growth : Priorities for Structural Reforms and Governance

Volume/Issue: 2010/19

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Luc Everaert , and Céline Allard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2010

ISBN: 9781462302109

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Euro Area, Europe, Financial sector, Political economy, Services sector, Labor markets, Labor market reforms, Governance

To live up to its growth potential and secure its inclusive social model, the euro area must make better use of its available labor. In the aftermath of the crisis, boosting growth is essential to prevent unemploym...

Fiscal Policy and Employment in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Fiscal Policy and Employment in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Employment in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Volume/Issue: 2012/042

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2012

ISBN: 9781498340458

Keywords: Demand, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Employment, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Labor markets, Labor supply, Tax policy, Labor market institutions

This paper discusses tax and expenditure policy reforms to raise employment. Using data for 58 advanced and emerging economies, the paper provides a unified assessment of tax and expenditure measures that have usua...

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda »

Source: The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda : Decisive Action, Durable Growth

Volume/Issue: 2016/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498345842

Keywords: Demand, Developed countries, Economic cooperation, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Fund role, Globalization, Low-income developing countries

Full text also available in: Arabic, Chinese, French, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish. The global economy is expanding moderately but the outlook has weakened further since October, and risks have increased. The gl...

Managing Director's Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Managing Director's Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report to the International Monetary and Financial Committee »

Source: Managing Director's Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Volume/Issue: 2012/031

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

ISBN: 9781498340601

Keywords: Developed countries, Developing countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Fiscal policy, International Monetary and Financial Committee, Managing Director reports, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Financial crises

After suffering a major setback, global prospects are gradually strengthening again. Improved activity in the United States and better policies in the euro area in response to the deepening economic crisis there ha...