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What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy?

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy? »

Source: What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy?

Volume/Issue: 2007/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865776

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, public health, health expenditure, health policy, health sector, National Government Expenditures and Health, Analysis of Health Care Markets,

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need to address issues concerning health sector policy, particularly when they have significant macroeconomic implications. Such i...

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries »

Source: Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Adam Leive , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201303

Keywords: Healthcare spending, decentralization, soft budget constraints, health spending, budget constraints, public health, health expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Health,

Government spending on health has grown as a percent of GDP over the last 40 years in industrialized countries. Widespread decentralization of healthcare systems has often accompanied this increase in spending. In...

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform »

Source: Economic Transition and Health Care Reform : The Experience of Europe and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2010/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adam Leive

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982183

Keywords: Health care reform, public health expenditure, primary care, health systems, health insurance, public health, fee-for-service, National Government Expenditures and Health, Health: General,

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia...

Mexico

Mexico »

Source: Mexico : Experiences with Pro-Poor Expenditure Policies

Volume/Issue: 2002/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Corbacho , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842913

Keywords: Government Expenditure, expenditure, health care, health expenditure, expenditures, social expenditure, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Against the background of Mexico's persistently high degree of inequality, this paper analyzes the country's experience with pro-poor policies over the last decade. A number of important government initiatives, imp...

The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa »

Source: The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

Volume/Issue: 2002/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451845709

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Health, Government Expenditures, Economic Growth, Southern Africa, aids, hiv, mortality rates, health services, National Government Expenditures and Health

The paper provides an analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector, public education, the supply of labor and the returns to training in nine Southern African countries. Drawing on the preceding sections...

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries »

Source: Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Keller , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845358

Keywords: social sector reform, pension, health care, social insurance, retirement, unemployment, Public Economics: General, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

During the transition process, many existing social sector institutions and policies were significantly eroded and their underlying character changed. As a result, they often do not redistribute to the poorest, nor...

Do Debt-Service Savings and Grants Boost Social Expenditures?

Do Debt-Service Savings and Grants Boost Social Expenditures? »

Source: Do Debt-Service Savings and Grants Boost Social Expenditures?

Volume/Issue: 2006/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864403

Keywords: social expenditures, expenditures, debt-service, budget balance, expenditure, International Lending and Debt Problems, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education,

This paper evaluates whether debt relief and grants can boost social expenditures in lowincome countries. It finds that declines in debt-service help raise social expenditures, but no relationship between grants an...

An Approach to Long-Term Fiscal Policy Analysis

An Approach to Long-Term Fiscal Policy Analysis »

Source: An Approach to Long-Term Fiscal Policy Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2004/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Papa N'Diaye , and Steven Dunaway

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451853735

Keywords: Population Aging, fiscal adjustment, fiscal pressures, expenditures, fiscal costs, National Government Expenditures and Health,

This paper proposes an approach to setting fiscal policy that factors in the longer-term budgetary pressures that countries face owing, in particular, to population aging and rising health care costs. The approach...

How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?1

How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?1 »

Source: How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?

Volume/Issue: 2006/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nora Markova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865455

Keywords: health care financing, equity in health care financing, redistribution, health care, health care system, health care spending, pocket payments, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

The study examines the effect of health care reform in Bulgaria in 1999 on the equity of health care financing. It explores the distribution of different types of health care financing by income. Furthermore, it se...

On Financing Retirement, Health, and Long-term Care in Japan*

On Financing Retirement, Health, and Long-term Care in Japan* »

Source: On Financing Retirement, Health, and Long-term Care in Japan

Volume/Issue: 2018/249

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen McGrattan , Kazuaki Miyachi , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484384718

Keywords: Retirement, Government expenditures and health, Taxation, Aging, Asia and Pacific, Health care, Japan, Social Security and Public Pensions, Health Insurance, Public and Private

Japan faces the problem of how to finance retirement, health, and long-term care expenditures as the population ages. This paper analyzes the impact of policy options intended to address this problem by employing a...