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Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries »

Source: Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Keller , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845358

Keywords: social sector reform, pension, health care, social insurance, retirement, unemployment, Public Economics: General, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

During the transition process, many existing social sector institutions and policies were significantly eroded and their underlying character changed. As a result, they often do not redistribute to the poorest, nor...

Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending1

Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending1 »

Source: Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending

Volume/Issue: 2003/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

ISBN: 9781451843149

Keywords: capital deepening, gini coefficient, dependent variable, statistics, unequal societies, social security, Welfare and Poverty: General, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

The paper examines empirically the question of whether more unequal societies spend more on income redistribution than their more egalitarian counterparts. Theoretical arguments on this issue are inconclusive. The...

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor »

Source: Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Volume/Issue: 2001/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854985

Keywords: public spending, child mortality, mortality rate, mortality rates, health status, births, Health Production, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This paper estimates the impact of public spending on the poor's health status in over 70 countries. It provides evidence that the poor have significantly worse health status than the rich and that they are more fa...

Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets

Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets »

Source: Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets

Volume/Issue: 1999/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Henry Ma , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1999

ISBN: 9781451848977

Keywords: Privatization, social safety nets, social welfare, state-owned enterprises, transition, employment, impact of privatization, employment guarantees, unemployment

Privatization promotes economic efficiency and growth, thereby reinforcing macroeconomic adjustment. In the short run, however, it can lead to job losses and wage cuts for workers and higher prices for consumers. T...

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth »

Source: Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1996/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451845921

Keywords: Social Safety Nets, Public Welfare, Economic Growth, Transfers, Productive Public Spending, criminal behavior, amount of crime, social security

This paper analyses the role of social safety nets in the form of redistributional transfers and wage subsidies. It is argued that public welfare programs can be viewed as a crime-preventing or disruption-preventin...

Sudden Stops, Output Drops, and Credit Collapses

Sudden Stops, Output Drops, and Credit Collapses »

Source: Sudden Stops, Output Drops, and Credit Collapses

Volume/Issue: 2010/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jihad Dagher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201877

Keywords: Financial liberalization, welfare gain, financial deepening, small firms, debt, investment, dividends, interest, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper proposes a tractable Sudden Stop model to explain the main patterns in firm level data in a sample of Southeast Asian firms during the Asian crisis. The model, which features trend shocks and financial f...

Slovakia's 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms

Slovakia's 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms »

Source: Slovakia's 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2005/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Moore

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861525

Keywords: tax reform, Slovakia, tax system, tax rates, taxation, tax burden, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs,

The paper reviews Slovakia's comprehensive reforms to its taxation and welfare systems in 2004, including the introduction of a flat-rate income tax and single-rate value-added tax (VAT), and linkage of social bene...

Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia

Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia »

Source: Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia : Implications for Work Incentives and Labor Participation

Volume/Issue: 2006/298

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865585

Keywords: Labor participation, pension, wage, benefits, retirement age, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The labor participation rate in Slovenia has been lower than in the EU-15 (the members states prior to May 2004), particularly for the low-income and older individuals. Using simulations of tax and social benefits...

The Disconcerting Pyramids of Poverty and Inequality of Sub-Saharan Africa

The Disconcerting Pyramids of Poverty and Inequality of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Disconcerting Pyramids of Poverty and Inequality of Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2005/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Lopes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860665

Keywords: inequality, social expenditure, HIV/AIDS, life expectancy, infant mortality, hiv, General Welfare, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

Poverty and inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) should not be ascertained only on the basis of scarce and unreliable income distribution statistics, but should also take into account social conditions. Recent, w...

Jointly Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules under Borrowing Constraints

Jointly Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules under Borrowing Constraints »

Source: Jointly Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules under Borrowing Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2009/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Huixin Bi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874310

Keywords: Optimal simple rules, monetary policy rules, fiscal policy rules, welfare analysis, borrowing constraints, tax revenue, inflation, government spending,

We study the welfare properties of an economy where both monetary and fiscal policy follow simple rules, and where a subset of agents is borrowing constrained. The optimized fiscal rule is far more aggressive than...