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Mexico

Mexico »

Source: Mexico : Experiences with Pro-Poor Expenditure Policies

Volume/Issue: 2002/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Corbacho , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842913

Keywords: Government Expenditure, expenditure, health care, health expenditure, expenditures, social expenditure, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Against the background of Mexico's persistently high degree of inequality, this paper analyzes the country's experience with pro-poor policies over the last decade. A number of important government initiatives, imp...

Pledged Collateral Market's Role in Transmission to Short-Term Market Rates

Pledged Collateral Market's Role in Transmission to Short-Term Market Rates »

Source: Pledged Collateral Market's Role in Transmission to Short-Term Market Rates

Volume/Issue: 2019/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Singh , and Rohit Goel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498312790

Keywords: Central banks, Bank liquidity, Central banking, Sovereign wealth funds, Banking systems, central banks balance sheet, monetary policy transmission, collateral velocity, premia, moneyness

In global financial centers, short-term market rates are effectively determined in the pledged collateral market, where banks and other financial institutions exchange collateral (such as bonds and equities) for mo...

Modeling Appropriate Fiscal Targets and Optimal Consolidation Paths for Resource-Rich Countries

Modeling Appropriate Fiscal Targets and Optimal Consolidation Paths for Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Modeling Appropriate Fiscal Targets and Optimal Consolidation Paths for Resource-Rich Countries : The Case of Suriname

Volume/Issue: 2014/121

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Kanda , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498364614

Keywords: Natural Resource Wealth, Optimal Fiscal Consolidation, Fiscal Targets, mineral, fiscal consolidation, fiscal position, fiscal tightening, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

This paper first attempts to quantify the natural resource wealth of Suriname from the perspective of its impact on the fiscal position, and then assesses the fiscal sustainability gap in that context. It then pres...

Are African Households Heterogeneous Agents?

Are African Households Heterogeneous Agents? »

Source: Are African Households Heterogeneous Agents? : Stylized Facts on Patterns of Consumption, Employment, Income and Earnings for Macroeconomic Modelers

Volume/Issue: 2015/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781484369968

Keywords: Inequality, macroeconomics, household heterogeneity, Macro Models, Macroeconomic Stabalization, Labor Economics, Informal Labor Market, Mobility, income, poor

This paper reviews the evidence on how households in Sub-Saharan Africa segment along consumption, income and earning dimensions relevant for quantitative macroeconomic policy models which incorporate heterogeneity...

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality »

Source: Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality : A Structural Framework for Policy

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yan Ji , Robert Townsend , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498381598

Keywords: Financial inclusion, inequality, hetergenous agents, income, credit, gdp, wealth, equilibrium, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Other

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these const...

Household Consumption in Japan - Role of Income and Asset Developments

Household Consumption in Japan - Role of Income and Asset Developments »

Source: Household Consumption in Japan - Role of Income and Asset Developments

Volume/Issue: 2017/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erkki Vihriälä

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475573084

Keywords: Disposable income, Household consumption, Assets, Japan, Liquidity, Income, Asia and Pacific, Regression analysis, consumption determinants, income and wealth

We study Japanese household consumption at a disaggregated level focusing on the role of income and asset dynamics. Stagnation of real per capita consumption is widespread acrosslabor market groups, age groups and...

Whose Inflation? A Characterization of the CPI Plutocratic Bias

Whose Inflation? A Characterization of the CPI Plutocratic Bias »

Source: Whose Inflation? A Characterization of the CPI Plutocratic Bias

Volume/Issue: 2001/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847949

Keywords: consumer price index, plutocratic index, democratic index, group index, aggregation, equivalence scales, expenditure, equation, expenditures, survey

Prais (1958) showed that the CPI computed by statistical agencies can be interpreted as a weighed average of household price indexes, the weight of each household determined by its total expenditures. We decompose...

Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds

Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds »

Source: Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds : Managing Financial Flows in the Context of the Sovereign Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2018/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdullah Al-Hassan , Sue Brake , Michael Papaioannou , and Martin Skancke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484340967

Keywords: International financial markets, Risk management, Sovereign wealth funds, sovereign asset and liability management, financing gap, investment management, macroeconomic coordination, Portfolio Choice

Commodity-based sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have been at a crossroads following the recent fall in commodity prices. This paper provides a framework for commodity-based SWF management, focusing on stabilization a...

Sharing the Growth Dividend

Sharing the Growth Dividend »

Source: Sharing the Growth Dividend : Analysis of Inequality in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2016/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , Tidiane Kinda , Kalpana Kochhar , Shi Piao , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513546544

Keywords: Inequality, Gini coefficient, income, income inequality, consumption, income share, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

This paper focusses on income inequality in Asia, its drivers and policies to combat it. It finds that income inequality has risen in most of Asia, in contrast to many regions. While in the past, rapid growth in As...

India

India »

Source: India : Defining and Explaining Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction

Volume/Issue: 2014/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Volodymyr Tulin , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484354230

Keywords: state level growth, inequality, consumption growth, social mobility, social spending, Institutions and Growth, Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution,

We document the evolution of poverty and inequality across Indian states during the recent period of rapid growth (2004-09), and examine the role of growth and distribution in reducing poverty. Robust economic grow...