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Resources and Incentives to Reform

Resources and Incentives to Reform »

Source: Resources and Incentives to Reform : A Model and Some Evidence on Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guido De Blasio , and A. Dalmazzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2001

ISBN: 9781451850888

Keywords: autocracy, reforms, statistics, trade policies, probability, economic liberalization, domestic investment, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections, Legislatures

The paper models the incentives for a self-interested government to implement "good policies". While good policies lead to investment and growth, they reduce the government's ability to increase supporters' consump...

External Debt and Economic Reform

External Debt and Economic Reform »

Source: External Debt and Economic Reform : Does a Pain Reliever Delay the Necessary Treatment?

Volume/Issue: 2007/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866148

Keywords: economic reform, external borrowing, foreign aid, external financing, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Recent literature argues that conflict in shifting adjustment costs between different socioeconomic groups delays necessary reforms and finds that such reforms often follow economic crises. This paper expands these...

Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation1

Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation1 »

Source: Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation

Volume/Issue: 2012/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Elliott , and Andre Santos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510836

Keywords: Basel III, Financial Regulation, Systemically Important Institutions, Banks, regulation, rules, regulatory changes, regulatory reforms, regulations, Government Policy and Regulation

This study assesses the overall impact on credit of the financial regulatory reforms in Europe, Japan, and the United States. Long-term cost estimates are provided for Basel III capital and liquidity requirements,...

Macroeconomic Volatility

Macroeconomic Volatility »

Source: Macroeconomic Volatility : The Policy Lessons from Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2006/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anoop Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864267

Keywords: Macroeconomic volatility, growth cycles, banking and currency crises, structural reform, fiscal frameworks, inflation, public debt, debt ratio, foreign currency, central bank

The recent recovery in Latin America has been impressive but also raises the question whether this represents a fundamental break with the region's history of boom-bust cycles. The paper traces how this history of...

Too Cold, Too Hot, or Just Right? Assessing Financial Sector Development Across the Globe

Too Cold, Too Hot, or Just Right? Assessing Financial Sector Development Across the Globe »

Source: Too Cold, Too Hot, or Just Right? Assessing Financial Sector Development Across the Globe

Volume/Issue: 2013/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Thorsten Beck , Era Dabla-Norris , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484351086

Keywords: Financial Development, Financial Sector Policies, Benchmarking, financial system, financial systems, financial sector, financial reform, stock market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets

This paper introduces the concept of the financial possibility frontier as a constrained optimum level of financial development to gauge the relative performance of financial systems across the globe. This frontier...

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence »

Source: Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Volume/Issue: 2012/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475503272

Keywords: Structural reforms, regional convergence, equation, wage, minimum wage, severance payment, statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Which structural reforms affect the speed the regional convergence within a country? We found that domestic financial development, trade/current account openness, better institutional infrastructure, and selected l...

Indian Financial Sector

Indian Financial Sector »

Source: Indian Financial Sector : Structure, Trends and Turns

Volume/Issue: 2017/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Partha Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475570168

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Banks, Banking, Asia and Pacific, Capital markets, External sector, Financial sector, Insurance, India, Nonbank financial sector

This paper traces the story of Indian financial sector over the period 1950-2015. In identifying the trends and turns of Indian financial sector, the paper adopts a three period classification viz., (a) the 1950s a...

Taxation and Development: Again

Taxation and Development: Again »

Source: Taxation and Development : Again

Volume/Issue: 2012/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510294

Keywords: Taxation and development, state building, large taxpayer office, informality, taxation, tax design, tax system, tax reform, tax policy, Structure and Scope of Government: General

Issues of taxation and development, which have long been a central concern of the IMF, have attracted wider and renewed interest in the last few years. This paper reflects on three broad lessons of experience: that...

Clusters As a Driving Engine for FDI

Clusters As a Driving Engine for FDI »

Source: Clusters As a Driving Engine for FDI

Volume/Issue: 2005/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862126

Keywords: Clusters, backward and forward linkages, FDI, policy reforms, foreign investors, investors, foreign investment, foreign investor, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, International Factor Movements and International Business: General

This paper develops a model that highlights the importance of clusters for attracting foreign direct investment. It shows from a game theoretical perspective how the combination of setting up a cluster and implemen...

The Needle in the Haystack: What Drives Labor and Product Market Reforms in Advanced Countries?

The Needle in the Haystack: What Drives Labor and Product Market Reforms in Advanced Countries? »

Source: The Needle in the Haystack: What Drives Labor and Product Market Reforms in Advanced Countries?

Volume/Issue: 2018/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , and Jakob Miethe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484353639

Keywords: Structural reforms; labor market; product market; deregulation; employment protection; unemployment benefits; Bayesian averaging of maximum likelihood estimates, Structural reforms, labor market, product market, deregulation, employment protection, unemployment benefits, Bayesian averaging of maximum likelihood estimates, Model Evaluation and Testing, Labor Economics Policies

The political economy literature has put forward a multitude of hypotheses regarding the drivers of structural reforms, but few, if any, empirically robust findings have emerged thus far. To make progress, we draw...