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Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization »

Source: Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2007/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Robert Townsend

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867183

Keywords: financial liberalization, welfare gain, financial deepening, gdp growth, financial system, growth rate,

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue as there is little empirical evidence for its positive effects on economic growth. However, we find sizable welfare gains, 1 to 28 percent of permanent consum...

The Impact of Tax and Welfare Policieson Employment and Unemployment in OECD Countries

The Impact of Tax and Welfare Policieson Employment and Unemployment in OECD Countries »

Source: The Impact of Tax and Welfare Policieson Employment and Unemployment in OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Disney

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2000

ISBN: 9781451857986

Keywords: Taxes, welfare spending, tax structure, microeconometrics, tax rates, retirement, tax rate, tax credit, tax changes

The paper provides a selective survey of methods and findings concerning the impact of tax and welfare policies on employment, unemployment, and economic growth in OECD countries. The paper examines a number of fac...

Republic of Congo

Republic of Congo »

Source: Republic of Congo : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/242

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505986

Keywords: urban development, business climate, drinking water, land reform, social welfare, Congo,

The government of the Republic of Congo launched a program aimed at consolidating peace and promoting economic and social development. The objectives included improvement of governance and consolidation of peace an...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Are there Negative Returns to Aid? a Comment

Are there Negative Returns to Aid? a Comment »

Source: Are there Negative Returns to Aid? a Comment

Volume/Issue: 2004/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mwanza Nkusu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451874921

Keywords: and poverty, calibration, paper, equation, nonlinearity, Welfare and Poverty: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Amid controversies surrounding aid effectiveness, an increasing number of empirical studies find support for the idea that aid can spur growth and that the aid-growth relationship is nonlinear. Lensink and White pr...

Empirical Determinants of Household Saving

Empirical Determinants of Household Saving »

Source: Empirical Determinants of Household Saving : Evidence From OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tim Callen , and Christian Thimann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451859157

Keywords: Household Saving, Tax Structure, Social Security System, welfare systems, private saving, unemployment

This paper analyzes the empirical determinants of household saving using data from 21 OECD countries for 1975-95. A particular focus is the influence of the tax and social security systems on household saving. The...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...

Systemic Risk

Systemic Risk »

Source: Systemic Risk : A New Trade-off for Monetary Policy?

Volume/Issue: 2015/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefan Laseen , Andrea Pescatori , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513579245

Keywords: Endogenous Financial Risk, DSGE models, Non-Linear Dynamics, Policy Evaluation, financial sector, welfare, prices, equity,

We introduce time-varying systemic risk in an otherwise standard New-Keynesian model to study whether a simple leaning-against-the-wind policy can reduce systemic risk and improve welfare. We find that an unexpecte...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited »

Source: The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited : Evidence for Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Valentina Flamini , and Louis Sears

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513501390

Keywords: Fuel subsidy reform, welfare impact, distribution, transport, fuel, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, Incidence, All Countries,

Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing...

Simple, Implementable Fiscal Policy Rules

Simple, Implementable Fiscal Policy Rules »

Source: Simple, Implementable Fiscal Policy Rules

Volume/Issue: 2009/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872231

Keywords: Fiscal policy rules, balanced budget rules, countercyclical fiscal policy, welfare analysis, tax revenue, fiscal instruments, inflation,

This paper analyzes the scope for systematic rules-based fiscal activism in open economies. Relative to a balanced budget rule, automatic stabilizers significantly improve welfare. But they minimize fiscal instrume...