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VII Concluding Observations

VII Concluding Observations »

Source: Nigeria : Experience with Structural Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756305

Keywords: oil exports, agricultural exports, export performance, export prices, export supply

In the preceding chapters an attempt has been made to analyze Nigeria’s key economic policies and performance during a period that was characterized by bold attempts to introduce market-oriented reforms and...

The Future of Oil

The Future of Oil »

Source: The Future of Oil : Geology Versus Technology

Volume/Issue: 2012/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcelle Chauvet , Jack Selody , Douglas Laxton , Michael Kumhof , Jaromir Benes , Ondrej Kamenik , and Susanna Mursula

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503302

Keywords: Hubbert&;amp;#x2019;s Peak, Bayesian econometrics, oil supply, oil demand, world oil production, Bayesian Analysis, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Demand and Supply, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

We discuss and reconcile two diametrically opposed views concerning the future of world oil production and prices. The geological view expects that physical constraints will dominate the future evolution of oil out...

Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation

Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation »

Source: Oil Price Volatility and the Role of Speculation

Volume/Issue: 2014/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , and Andrea Pescatori

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498333481

Keywords: oil and the business cycle, crude oil speculation and inventories, demand and supply shocks, oil price volatility, vector autoregression (VAR), price, market, demand, prices, inventories

How much does speculation contribute to oil price volatility? We revisit this contentious question by estimating a sign-restricted structural vector autoregression (SVAR). First, using a simple storage model, we sh...

A Simultaneous Equations Model for World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Markets

A Simultaneous Equations Model for World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Markets »

Source: A Simultaneous Equations Model for World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Markets

Volume/Issue: 2005/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Noureddine Krichene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860511

Keywords: Elasticities, Impulse responses, oil prices, gas output, gas supply, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Energy: Demand and Supply,

A model for world crude oil and natural gas markets is estimated. It confirms low price and high income elasticities of demand for both crude oil and natural gas, which explains the market power of oil producers an...

Saudi Arabia: Tackling Emerging Economic Challenges to Sustain Growth

Saudi Arabia: Tackling Emerging Economic Challenges to Sustain Growth »

Source: Saudi Arabia : Tackling Emerging Economic Challenges to Sustain Strong Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ahmed Al-Darwish , Naif Alghaith , Alberto Behar , Tim Callen , Pragyan Deb , Amgad Hegazy , Padamja Khandelwal , Malika Pant , and Haonan Qu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498323079

Keywords: Export diversification, Commodity markets, Economic growth, Budgets, Fiscal rules, Fiscal policy, Macroprudential Policy, Nonoil sector, Monetary policy, Oil revenues

Saudi Arabia: Tackling Emerging Economic Challenges to Sustain Strong Growth...

A Barrel of Oil or a Bottle of Wine

A Barrel of Oil or a Bottle of Wine »

Source: A Barrel of Oil or a Bottle of Wine : How Do Global Growth Dynamics Affect Commodity Prices?

Volume/Issue: 2011/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tahsin Saadi Sedik , and Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211791

Keywords: Wine, Comovement, Global growth, Emerging economies, crude oil, oil demand, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Other, Energy: Demand and Supply, Energy and the Macroeconomy,

This paper investigates the causes of extreme fluctuations in commodity prices from 1990 to 2010. Analyzing two very distinct commodities-crude oil and fine wine, we find that macroeconomic factors are the main det...

World Crude Oil Markets

World Crude Oil Markets »

Source: World Crude Oil Markets : Monetary Policy and the Recent Oil Shock

Volume/Issue: 2006/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Noureddine Krichene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863222

Keywords: elasticities, impulse responses, multipliers, volatility, natural gas, oil demand, crude oil price, Money and Interest Rates: General, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This paper examines the relationship between monetary policy and oil prices within a world oil demand and supply model. Low price and high income elasticities of demand and rigid supply explain high price volatilit...

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin »

Source: The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin : Generosity Undermined?

Volume/Issue: 2002/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Aaditya Mattoo , and Devesh Roy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857597

Keywords: preference, rules of origin, export supply, oil exports, exporters, preferential access, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper describes the United States recently enacted Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports. The AGOA expands the scope of preferential access of Africa'...

Oil Prices and the Global Economy

Oil Prices and the Global Economy »

Source: Oil Prices and the Global Economy : Is It Different This Time Around?

Volume/Issue: 2016/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kamiar Mohaddes , and M. Pesaran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475552034

Keywords: Economic growth, Markets, Oil, Oil prices, United States, Western Hemisphere, Econometric models, Supply and demand, Vector autoregression, Equity prices

The recent plunge in oil prices has brought into question the generally accepted view that lower oil prices are good for the United States and the global economy. In this paper, using a quarterly multi-country econ...

Financial Sector Debt Bias1

Financial Sector Debt Bias1 »

Source: Financial Sector Debt Bias

Volume/Issue: 2016/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oana Luca , and Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475552805

Keywords: Banks, Financial stability, Financial sector, Tax bias, Debt bias, Leverage, Non-Banks, Oil prices, equity prices, dividends

Most tax systems create a tax bias toward debt finance. Such debt bias increases leverage and may negatively affect financial stability. This paper models and estimates debt bias in the financial sector, and presen...