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Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia

Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia »

Source: Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia

Volume/Issue: 2002/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Michael Kumhof , and Oya Celasun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451844924

Keywords: Inflation inertia, staggered pricing, exchange rate based stabilization, inflation rate, monetary economics, relative price, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper develops a theory of inflation inertia based on forward looking staggered price setting in the nontradable goods sector of a small open economy. Unlike current theories of sticky prices, transitions to a...

Lessons From High Inflation Epidsodes for Stabilizing the Economy in Zimbabwe

Lessons From High Inflation Epidsodes for Stabilizing the Economy in Zimbabwe »

Source: Lessons From High Inflation Epidsodes for Stabilizing the Economy in Zimbabwe

Volume/Issue: 2007/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jens Clausen , Sharmini Coorey , Bakar Ould-Abdallah , Sònia Muñoz , and Norbert Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866636

Keywords: High Inflation, Macroeconomic Stabilization, International Experience, monetary fund, central bank, high inflation episodes, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes,

Zimbabwe has currently the highest rate of inflation in the world (an annual rate of 1,730 percent in February, 2007). The high rates of inflation have contributed to the contraction of the economy, which has decli...

Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle

Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle »

Source: Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle

Volume/Issue: 2004/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicholas Staines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451851854

Keywords: Conflict, post-conflict, war, economic impact, macroeconomic stabilization, cold war, real gdp, gdp per capita, civil wars, civil conflicts,

The paper finds a significant shift in the economic characteristics of civil conflicts during the1990s. Conflicts have become shorter but with more severe contractions and a stronger recovery of growth. The overall...

How to Operationalize Inequality Issues in Country Work

How to Operationalize Inequality Issues in Country Work »

Source: How to Operationalize Inequality Issues in Country Work

Volume/Issue: 2018/032

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781498309028

Keywords: Employment, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Economic recession, Unemployment, distributional, inequality issue, inequality, macroeconomic stability, article IV consultation

"Economic inclusion is the broad sharing of the benefits of, and the opportunities to participate in, economic growth. It embodies equitable outcomes related to financial well-being as well as opportunities in acce...

Fiscal Dominance and Inflation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Fiscal Dominance and Inflation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo »

Source: Fiscal Dominance and Inflation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Volume/Issue: 2005/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Claude Nachega

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451862409

Keywords: Congo, stabilization in developing countries, money growth, money supply, monetary policy, monetary economics, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General,

This paper examines the fiscal dominance hypothesis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 1981-2003, using multivariate cointegration analysis and vector errorcorrection modeling. Empirical results p...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy »

Source: The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy : The Case of Romania

Volume/Issue: 2003/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451974546

Keywords: Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social security, Romania, energy sector, quasi-fiscal activities, macroeconomic stabilization, transition, energy, natural gas

This paper assesses the main issues faced by the energy sector in a transition economy such as Romania and their macroeconomic dimension. It examines how the size of quasi-fiscal subsidies, owing mainly to inapprop...

Sticky Inflation and the Real Effects of Exchange Rate Based Stabilization

Sticky Inflation and the Real Effects of Exchange Rate Based Stabilization »

Source: Sticky Inflation and the Real Effects of Exchange Rate Based Stabilization

Volume/Issue: 2003/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oya Celasun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451857054

Keywords: Credibility, nominal interest rate, monetary economics, inflation dynamics, inflation stabilization, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

Exchange rate-based inflation stabilization (ERBS) policies are associated with a boom-recession cycle in economic activity and sustained real exchange rate appreciation. A class of models in the literature has exp...

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia »

Source: The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2013/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484337912

Keywords: Stabilization, Multipliers, Time-variation, government spending, fiscal multipliers, fiscal stimulus, government spending shocks, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

This paper examines the size of the fiscal multiplier values generated in Malaysia. The results show that a government spending shock leads to broad positive economic effects. Although, the effectiveness of fiscal...

Money-Based Versus Exchange-Rate-Based Stabilization

Money-Based Versus Exchange-Rate-Based Stabilization »

Source: Money-Based Versus Exchange-Rate-Based Stabilization : Is There Space for Political Opportunism?

Volume/Issue: 2004/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451851755

Keywords: Inflation Stabilization, Nominal Anchors, Political Opportunism, Elections, inflation, election, chronic inflation, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data

In response to high and chronic inflation, countries have adopted different stabilization policies. However, the extent to which these stabilization programs were designed for political motives is not clear. Since...