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2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers »

Source: 2014 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - Risks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2014/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342926

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Financial risk, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Multilateral surveillance, Spillovers, Surveillance, Asset prices, Assets, Balance sheets

...

Trade and Income in the Long Run: Are There Really Gains, and Are They Widely Shared?

Trade and Income in the Long Run: Are There Really Gains, and Are They Widely Shared? »

Volume/Issue: 2017/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diego Cerdeiro , and Andras Komaromi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484324851.001

ISBN: 9781484324851

Keywords: Income, Trade, Growth, Inequality, Gravity model, General

In the cross section of countries, there is a strong positive correlation between trade and income, and a negative relationship between trade and inequality. Does this reflect a causal relationship? We adopt the Fr...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

Sharp Instrument: A Stab at Identifying the Causes of Economic Growth

Sharp Instrument: A Stab at Identifying the Causes of Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2018/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Lichen Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357170.001

ISBN: 9781484357170

Keywords: Productivity, Economic growth, Export sophistication, Weak instrument, Models with Panel Data, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

We shed new light on the determinants of growth by tackling the blunt and weak instrument problems in the empirical growth literature. As an instrument for each endogenous variable, we propose average values of the...

Cyclicality of Revenue and Structural Balances in South Africa

Cyclicality of Revenue and Structural Balances in South Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2010/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Burcu Aydin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455208814.001

ISBN: 9781455208814

Keywords: structural balance, credit growth, commodity and asset prices, tax revenue, tax base, tax policy, budget balance, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Econometric Modeling: General,

This paper applies a disaggregated method for the calculation of the cyclical component of the budget balance for South Africa with an emphasis on the effect of commodity and asset prices, and credit cycle. Results...

Multivariate Filter Estimation of Potential Output for the United States: An Extension with Labor Market Hysteresis

Multivariate Filter Estimation of Potential Output for the United States: An Extension with Labor Market Hysteresis »

Volume/Issue: 2019/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Alichi , Hayk Avetisyan , Douglas Laxton , Shalva Mkhatrishvili , Armen Nurbekyan , Lusine Torosyan , and Hou Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398067.001

ISBN: 9781484398067

Keywords: Business cycles, Unemployment, Potential output, Capacity utilization, Production growth, Macroeconomic Modeling;output gap;NAIRU;hysteresis;potential growth;Volcker

This paper extends the multivariate filter approach of estimating potential output developed by Alichi and others (2018) to incorporate labor market hysteresis. This extension captures the idea that long and deep r...

Investment Slowdown in Denmark: Diagnosis and Policy Options

Investment Slowdown in Denmark: Diagnosis and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2018/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367537.001

ISBN: 9781484367537

Keywords: Denmark, Europe, Investment, accelerator model, leverage, structural reforms, Institutions and Growth

Total investment in Denmark has experienced a sharp slowdown following the global financial crisis. This slowdown has coincided with a decline in labor productivity and expansion of the current account surplus. Thi...

Inequality and Growth
			: A Heterogeneous Approach

Inequality and Growth : A Heterogeneous Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2016/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Evelio Paredes , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560527.001

ISBN: 9781475560527

Keywords: Economic growth, Econometric models, Income distribution, Structural vector autoregression, Income inequality, Panel analysis, Heterogeneity, Gini, income levels, growth

The combination of stagnant growth and high levels of income inequality renewed the debate about whether a more even distribution of income can spur economic activity. This paper tests for cross-country convergence...

Fiscal Policy and Economic Development

Fiscal Policy and Economic Development »

Volume/Issue: 2008/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alex Mourmouras , and Peter Rangazas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870138.001

ISBN: 9781451870138

Keywords: structural transformation, size of government, infrastructures, calibrated dynamic general equilibrium models, tax rates, growth rates, economic growth, tax base,

This paper offers possible explanations for three generally observed facts about fiscal policy and development: (F1) The relative size of government increases as an economy develops, (F2) The rise in government and...

Italy: Quantifying the Benefits of a Comprehensive Reform Package

Italy: Quantifying the Benefits of a Comprehensive Reform Package »

Volume/Issue: 2018/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michal Andrle , Alvar Kangur , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484347614.001

ISBN: 9781484347614

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Wage bargaining, Europe, Italy, Banking sector, Fiscal policy, growth, competitiveness, product market reforms, DSGE models

This paper seeks to quantify the net benefits of a comprehensive reform package aimed at addressing Italy's inter-related challenges. Specifically, it simulates the growth and competitiveness effects of a package o...