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Job Protection Deregulation in Good and Bad Times

Job Protection Deregulation in Good and Bad Times »

Source: Job Protection Deregulation in Good and Bad Times

Volume/Issue: 2017/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , and João Tovar Jalles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484333013

Keywords: Structural Reforms, Labor Market, Deregulation, Employment Protection; Growth; Employment, Employment Protection, Growth, Employment, Labor Economics Policies, Labor Force and Employment, Size

This paper explores the short-term employment effect of deregulating job protection for regular workers and how it varies with prevailing business cycle conditions. We apply a local projection method to a newly con...

Structural Reforms and External Rebalancing1

Structural Reforms and External Rebalancing1 »

Source: Structural Reforms and External Rebalancing

Volume/Issue: 2017/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Culiuc , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2017

ISBN: 9781484313732

Keywords: Current account, Exports, structural reforms, REER, real exchange rate, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Public Policy

Empirical research on structural reforms has focused primarily on their impact on growth and productivity. Yet an often-invoked rationale for structural reforms is their impact on external adjustment. This paper fi...

Pension Reforms in Mauritius

Pension Reforms in Mauritius »

Source: Pension Reforms in Mauritius : Fair and Fast-Balancing Social Protection and Fiscal Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 2015/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Soto , Vimal Thakoor , and Martin Petri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513568331

Keywords: pension reform, pension, retirement, defined benefit, retirement age, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Social Security and Public Pensions, Demographic Trends and Forecasts,

Despite important past reforms, the ageing population of Mauritius threatens the sustainability of its pension system. This paper examines how pension spending might increase without reforms and discusses reforms o...

Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization

Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization »

Source: Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization : Evidence from India

Volume/Issue: 2011/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , Kalpana Kochhar , and Sanjaya Panth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218929

Keywords: banking reforms, financial liberalization, bank ownership, government securities, banking, investment in government securities, banking sector, state bank, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Do financial sector reforms necessarily result in expansion of credit to the private sector? How does bank ownership affect the availability of credit to the private sector? Empirical evidence is somewhat mixed on...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

Banks' Adjustment to Basel III Reform

Banks' Adjustment to Basel III Reform »

Source: Banks' Adjustment to Basel III Reform : A Bank-Level Perspective for Emerging Europe

Volume/Issue: 2017/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michal Andrle , Vladimír Tomšík , and Jan Vlcek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475577525

Keywords: Capital adequacy, Europe, Emerging markets, Commercial banks, Banking sector, Bank supervision, Bank reforms, Basel Core Principles, Central banks and their policies, Basel III

The paper seeks to identify strategies of commercial banks in response to higher capital requirements of Basel III reform and its phase-in. It focuses on a sample of nine EU emerging market countries and picks up 5...

Options for Fiscal Consolidation in the United Kingdom

Options for Fiscal Consolidation in the United Kingdom »

Source: Options for Fiscal Consolidation in the United Kingdom

Volume/Issue: 2006/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dennis Botman , and Keiko Honjo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863499

Keywords: finite lives, distortionary taxes, income taxes, tax reform, fiscal adjustment, corporate income taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Taxation, Subsidies

This paper examines the macroeconomic effects of different timing and composition of fiscal adjustment in the United Kingdom using the IMF's Global Fiscal Model. Early consolidation dampens aggregate demand in the...

Volatility and Growth in Latin America

Volatility and Growth in Latin America »

Source: Volatility and Growth in Latin America : An Episodic Approach

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865479

Keywords: Growth, Volatility, Structural Reforms, Episodic Approach, fiscal policy, terms of trade, exchange rate regime, fiscal balance, trade liberalization, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: General,

This paper compares the pattern of macroeconomic volatility in 17 Latin American countries during episodes of high and low growth since 1970, examining in particular the role of policy volatility. Macroeconomic out...

The Challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Countries

The Challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Countries »

Source: The Challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Paul Wade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451852707

Keywords: fiscal reform, transition, decentralization, subnational governments, intergovernmental fiscal, intergovernmental fiscal relations, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General

This paper examines key aspects of the ongoing decentralization process in transition economies and identifies areas where the present systems can have potentially adverse impacts on both service delivery and macro...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...