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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018

Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018.

Trade Liberalization and Real Exchange Rate Movement

Trade Liberalization and Real Exchange Rate Movement »

Volume/Issue: 2003/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854749.001

ISBN: 9781451854749

Keywords: real exchange rate, exchange rate, average tariff, exchange rates, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

Although theory suggests that the real exchange rate should depreciate after a credible trade liberalization but could appreciate temporarily with a noncredible one, little empirical evidence exists. Unlike existin...

Current Account Balance Estimates for Emerging Market Economies

Current Account Balance Estimates for Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jordi Prat , Leandro Medina , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962994.001

ISBN: 9781451962994

Keywords: Real exchange rate, macro-balance approach, current account norm, current account, current account balance, current account balances, current account deficits, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper uses a modified version of the methodology used by the IMF's Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER) to calculate equilibrium current account balances (or ?norms?) for a sample of 33 emerging m...

Review of the Flexible Credit Line, the Precautionary and Liquidity Line, and the Rapid Financing Instrument - Specific Proposals - Revised Annex I

Review of the Flexible Credit Line, the Precautionary and Liquidity Line, and the Rapid Financing Instrument - Specific Proposals - Revised Annex I »

Volume/Issue: 2014/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343398.007

ISBN: 9781498343398

Keywords: Bank supervision, Fiscal policy, Flexible Credit Line, Monetary policy, Performance criteria, Precautionary and Liquidity Line, Rapid Financing Instrument, Special Data Dissemination Standard

This annex provides the key considerations for establishing the qualification framework to access financing under the FCL and PLL, with a view to promoting a predictable and evenhanded qualification process....

Emerging Asia's Impact on Australian Growth
			: Some Insights From GEM

Emerging Asia's Impact on Australian Growth : Some Insights From GEM »

Volume/Issue: 2010/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benjamin Hunt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210695.001

ISBN: 9781455210695

Keywords: Emerging Asia, Productivity Growth, Rebalancing, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rates, tradable goods, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation, One

Over the last decade, GDP growth in emerging Asia was roughly twice as fast as average world growth. The IMF's Global Economy Model (GEM) is used to estimate the impact that emerging Asia's growth differential has...

The Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in a Commodity Exporting Country
			: The Case of Russia

The Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in a Commodity Exporting Country : The Case of Russia »

Volume/Issue: 2003/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851670.001

ISBN: 9781451851670

Keywords: real exchange rate, Russia, exchange rate, oil prices, transition economies, exchange rate policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

Questions about external competitiveness, exchange rate misalignment, and the appropriate exchange rate policy feature prominently in the Russian policy debate. This paper furthers the debate by estimating empirica...

Debt Dynamics and Global Imbalances
			: Some Conventional Views Reconsidered

Debt Dynamics and Global Imbalances : Some Conventional Views Reconsidered »

Volume/Issue: 2007/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guy Meredith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865684.001

ISBN: 9781451865684

Keywords: Debt Dynamics, International Adjustment, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, external debt, current account deficit, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Consumer Economics: Theory, Macroeconomics: Consumption

We use a general-equilibrium model to explain the rise in global trade and payments imbalances since the mid-1990s, and then to construct adjustment paths to a steady state. Assuming that the shocks giving rise to...

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2003/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nephil Maskay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875812.001

ISBN: 9781451875812

Keywords: shocks, regional monetary cooperation, exchange rate, economic integration, exchange rates, output growth, exchange rate policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

The member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation have set as a target the achievement of an economic union by 2020. Reaching this goal will require greater levels of monetary cooperation. H...

Cataclysms and Currencies
			: Does the Exchange Rate Regime Matter for Real Shocks?

Cataclysms and Currencies : Does the Exchange Rate Regime Matter for Real Shocks? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861044.001

ISBN: 9781451861044

Keywords: Exchange rate, shocks, exchange rate regime, per capita income, exchange rate regimes, gross capital formation, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

Does the choice of exchange rate regime affect the way an economy's adjustment to real shocks? Exploiting the randomness of natural shocks, this paper assesses empirically the often contrasting answers found in the...

Exchange Rates in the New EU Accession Countries
			: What Have We Learned from the Forerunners?

Exchange Rates in the New EU Accession Countries : What Have We Learned from the Forerunners? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katerina Smídková , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860467.001

ISBN: 9781451860467

Keywords: Sustainable real exchange rates, ERM2, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rate, fdi, real exchange rates, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Estimation and simulation of sustainable real exchange rates in some of the new EU accession countries point to potential difficulties in sustaining the ERM2 regime if entered too soon and with weak policies. Accor...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018 : Building a Shared Future

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484373453

Keywords: Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Environmentally sustainable development

The past year was one of growing economic anxiety tied to skepticism about both economic integration and an international approach to economic policy making. To help make globalization work for all, the IMF focused...