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A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis

A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis »

Source: A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis : An Application to Fuel Subsidy Reform

Volume: 16

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Alexei Goumilevski , and Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2016

ISBN: 9781475546743

Keywords: Fuel subsidies; welfare impact; incidence analysis; income distribution; input-output analysis, General, Input-Output Analysis, General

Increased focus on income inequality and distributional issues has made incidence analysis a crucial input into policy decisions. This note presents the theoretical framework used to conduct incidence analysis of f...

Lesotho

Lesotho »

Source: Lesotho : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2003/171

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451823776

Keywords: national vision, poverty reduction strategy, reduction strategy, public sector, welfare indicator

This paper examines Lesotho's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Progress Report for the period between January and December 2002. The achievements demonstrate that the government of Lesotho has reaffirmed its...

Foreign Aid and Real Exchange Rate Adjustments in a Financially Constrained Dependent Economy*

Foreign Aid and Real Exchange Rate Adjustments in a Financially Constrained Dependent Economy* »

Source: Foreign Aid and Real Exchange Rate Adjustments in a Financially Constrained Dependent Economy

Volume/Issue: 2008/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Turnovsky , Serpil Tekin , and Valerie Cerra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870626

Keywords: real exchange rate, welfare analysis, exchange rate, capital stock, capital markets, capital intensity,

A dynamic dependent-economy model is developed to investigate the role of the real exchange rate in determining the effects of foreign aid. If capital is perfectly mobile between sectors, untied aid has no longrun...

Welfare Cost of (Low) Inflation

Welfare Cost of (Low) Inflation »

Source: Welfare Cost of (Low) Inflation : A General Equilibrium Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1998/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451853445

Keywords: taxation, welfare, general equilibrium, money stock, real money, money balances, money demand

This paper provides general equilibrium estimates of the steady-state welfare gains of lowering inflation from a low level to close to price stability, using an overlapping-generations growth model. Money demand is...

Welfare Effects of Uzbekistan's Foreign Exchange Regime

Welfare Effects of Uzbekistan's Foreign Exchange Regime »

Source: Welfare Effects of Uzbekistan's Foreign Exchange Regime

Volume/Issue: 2000/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451848168

Keywords: Welfare Analysis, Quasi-Fiscal Operations, exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign trade, multiple exchange rate

In addition to transferring about 16 percent of GDP from exporters to importers, Uzbekistan’s quasi-fiscal multiple exchange rate regime generates identifiable welfare losses of 2-8 percent of GDP on import...

Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter?

Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter? »

Source: Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2012/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Liu Xueyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475562675

Keywords: Social Welfare, Intertemporal Consumer Choice, cost of capital, gdp growth, real gdp, economic growth, General,

Now close to 50 percent of GDP, this paper assesses the appropriateness of China's current investment levels. It finds that China's capital-to-output ratio is within the range of other emerging markets, but its eco...

Immiserizing Foreign Aid

Immiserizing Foreign Aid »

Source: Immiserizing Foreign Aid : The Roles of Tariffs and Nontraded Goods

Volume/Issue: 2006/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863895

Keywords: welfare effects, nontraded goods, equation, imported good, factor endowments, trade theory,

International trade theory has pointed out that factor accumulation could immiserize a country if it is sufficiently biased toward the export sector, or if it is biased toward an importcompeting sector in the prese...

Limits of Conditionality in Poverty Reduction Programs

Limits of Conditionality in Poverty Reduction Programs »

Source: Limits of Conditionality in Poverty Reduction Programs

Volume/Issue: 2002/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Tito Cordella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451853872

Keywords: Asymmetric Information, social spending, poverty alleviation, Information And Uncertainty, Welfare And Poverty,

When donors and recipients have different preferences over budgetary allocations, conditionality helps the implementation of donor-financed poverty reduction programs. However, if donors cannot perfectly monitor al...

Climate Mitigation in China

Climate Mitigation in China »

Source: Climate Mitigation in China : Which Policies Are Most Effective?

Volume/Issue: 2016/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Baoping Shang , Philippe Wingender , Nate Vernon , and Tarun Narasimhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475574524

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon tax, China, air pollution, coal tax, emissions trading, incidence, welfare effects

For the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, China pledged to reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity of GDP by 60-65 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. This paper develops a practical spreadsheet tool for eva...

Targeting Social Transfers to the Poor in Mexico

Targeting Social Transfers to the Poor in Mexico »

Source: Targeting Social Transfers to the Poor in Mexico

Volume/Issue: 2009/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Susan Parker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451872071

Keywords: Targeting, self selection, administrative selection, Oportunidades, social welfare, coverage, leakage, probability, probabilities, equation

Mexico's main social support program, Oportunidades, combines two methods to target cash to poor households: an initial self-selection by households who acquire knowledge about the program and apply for benefits, f...