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Inflation and the Black Market Exchange Rate in a Repressed Market
			: A Model of Venezuela

Inflation and the Black Market Exchange Rate in a Repressed Market : A Model of Venezuela »

Volume/Issue: 2016/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475523201.001

ISBN: 9781475523201

Keywords: inflation; black market; exchange rate; Venezuela; foreign exchange rationing; scarcity; cash in advance constraint; oil revenue; fiscal dominance

This paper presents a stylized general equilibrium model of the Venezuelan economy. The model explains how the recent sharp fall in oil revenue combines with foreign exchange rationing to produce a steep rise in in...

Fiscal Policy and Business Cycles in an Oil-Producing Economy
			: The Case of Venezuela

Fiscal Policy and Business Cycles in an Oil-Producing Economy : The Case of Venezuela »

Volume/Issue: 2005/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Baldini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862560.001

ISBN: 9781451862560

Keywords: Macroeconomic Volatility, fiscal outcomes, fiscal stance, expenditures, expenditure, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Venezuela, Republica Bolivariana De,

This paper analyzes the fiscal policy in Venezuela during 1991-2003, by using a number of statistical approaches to analyze trends and cycles of economic output and fiscal outcomes. The business cycle features a st...

Distribución directa de los ingresos provenientes de recursos naturales
			: ¿vale la pena considerarla?

Distribución directa de los ingresos provenientes de recursos naturales : ¿vale la pena considerarla? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Alex Segura-Ubiergo , and Enrique Flores

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513592626.006

ISBN: 9781513592626

Keywords: Recursos naturales, Ingreso, Distribución del ingreso, Política fiscal

Algunos académicos han sostenido que la distribución directa a la población de ingresos públicos provenientes de recursos naturales ayudaría a los países ricos en recursos naturales a escapar de la 'maldición de l...

Is Fiscal Policy Procyclical in Developing Oil-Producing Countries?

Is Fiscal Policy Procyclical in Developing Oil-Producing Countries? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nese Erbil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462314324.001

ISBN: 9781462314324

Keywords: institutions, govenment expenditure, expenditure, capital expenditure, fiscal policies, government expenditure, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper examines the cyclicality of fiscal behavior in 28 developing oil-producing countries (OPCs) during 1990-2009. After testing five fiscal measures - government expenditure, consumption, investment, non-oil...

Resource Windfalls, Macroeconomic Stability and Growth
			: The Role of Political Institutions

Resource Windfalls, Macroeconomic Stability and Growth : The Role of Political Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazim Kazimov , Kirk Hamilton , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455266432.001

ISBN: 9781455266432

Keywords: Commodity, macroeconomic stability, government spending, standard deviation, economic performance, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data,

We use a new dataset on non-resource GDP to examine the performance of commodity-exporting countries in terms of macroeconomic stability and economic growth in a panel of up to 129 countries during the period 1970-...

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 2010/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202263.001

ISBN: 9781455202263

Keywords: procyclicality, fiscal positions, exporting countries, price fluctuations, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General,

The recent boom and bust in commodity prices has raised concerns about the impact of volatile commodity prices on Latin American countries' fiscal positions. Using a novel quarterly data set-which includes unique c...

Review of the Experience with Oil Stabilization and Savings Funds in Selected Countries

Review of the Experience with Oil Stabilization and Savings Funds in Selected Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2000/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ugo Fasano-Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853599.001

ISBN: 9781451853599

Keywords: oil stabilization fund, oil savings fund, oil exporting countries, Chile&;amp;#x2019;s copper fund, fiscal indicators, oil prices, central government fiscal, oil revenues, fiscal policy

The main purposes of this paper are to review the operational modalities and experience of oil funds currently in place in Norway, Chile (copper), the State of Alaska, Venezuela, Kuwait, and Oman, and to draw some...

Volatility and Growth in Latin America
			: An Episodic Approach

Volatility and Growth in Latin America : An Episodic Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865479.001

ISBN: 9781451865479

Keywords: Growth, Volatility, Structural Reforms, Episodic Approach, fiscal policy, terms of trade, exchange rate regime, fiscal balance, trade liberalization, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: General,

This paper compares the pattern of macroeconomic volatility in 17 Latin American countries during episodes of high and low growth since 1970, examining in particular the role of policy volatility. Macroeconomic out...

Riding the Roller Coaster
			: Fiscal Policies of Nonrenewable Resource Exporters in Latin America and the Caribbean

Riding the Roller Coaster : Fiscal Policies of Nonrenewable Resource Exporters in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2010/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Lopez Murphy , Mauricio Villafuerte , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209514.001

ISBN: 9781455209514

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policies, fiscal sustainability, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General

This paper analyzes recent fiscal policies of nonrenewable resource exporting countries in Latin America and the Caribbean in the context of sharp swings in resource prices. Fiscal policies were predominantly procy...

Boom-Bust Cycle, Asymmetrical Fiscal Response and the Dutch Disease

Boom-Bust Cycle, Asymmetrical Fiscal Response and the Dutch Disease »

Volume/Issue: 2010/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kareem Ismail , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982718.001

ISBN: 9781451982718

Keywords: Fiscal Asymmetry, export value, reer, fiscal rules, oil export, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

We examine the behavior of expenditure policy during boom-bust in commodity price cycles, and its implication for real exchange rate movements. To do so, we introduce a Dutch disease model with downward rigidities...