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Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan »

Source: Kazakhstan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/84

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451820782

Keywords: pension, pensions, wage, payroll, benefits

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Kazakhstan during 1995-98. Following a cumulative decline of 31 percent during 1992-95, real GDP began to recover in 1996, and the resumption of growth se...

Hungary

Hungary »

Source: Hungary : Recent Economic Developments and Background Issues

Volume/Issue: 1995/35

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451817812

Keywords: wage, benefits, wages, compensation, salaries

This paper reviews economic developments in Hungary during 1993-94. The downward trend in measured aggregate output that had begun in 1990 reached its trough during 1993, and Hungary recorded its first positive GDP...

Georgia

Georgia »

Source: Georgia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1996

ISBN: 9781451814392

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, wage, benefits, wages

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Netherlands

Netherlands »

Source: Netherlands : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451829310

Keywords: wage, employment, benefits, unemployment, wages

This Selected Issues paper examines Netherlands' experience with macroeconomic and structural reforms. The reforms, which were introduced gradually and in a consultative manner, were comprehensive in their coverage...

Finland

Finland »

Source: Finland : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/104

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 1995

ISBN: 9781451813111

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, benefits, wages

This paper reviews economic developments in Finland during 1990-95. The paper discusses the domestic economy, public finances, money and credit, and the balance of payments. It reports on the robustness of various...

The Social Safety Net in Albania

The Social Safety Net in Albania »

Source: The Social Safety Net in Albania

Volume/Issue: 1996/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451851861

Keywords: benefits, unemployment, social assistance, compensation

This paper reviews the developments in the social safety net system of Albania since the beginning of its economic adjustment program in mid-1992 through the third quarter of 1995. It shows that the social safety n...

Geography, Trade Patterns, and Economic Policy

Geography, Trade Patterns, and Economic Policy »

Source: Geography, Trade Patterns, and Economic Policy

Volume/Issue: 1994/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Asilis , and Luis Rivera-Batiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451843330

Keywords: wages, trade patterns, wage, benefits

This paper presents a geographical theory of location and interregional trade. Location is treated as an endogenous variable by firms, consumers and perfectly mobile workers in a two-sector economy. Space plays a c...

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy »

Source: The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

Volume/Issue: 1997/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451922790

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

Italy’s pension system was reformed in August 1995. The new system has various desirable long-run properties and, overall, it represents an improvement over earlier systems. However, it fails to address two...

The Italian Public Pension System

The Italian Public Pension System »

Source: The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic1

Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic1 »

Source: Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic

Volume/Issue: 2000/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Laursen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451843392

Keywords: pension, pension system, retirement, benefits

The finances of the Czech pension system have deteriorated markedly in recent years and the aging population will add further strains in the future. The system is also burdened by significant distortions and disinc...