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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

Nordic CleanTechMarket Survey
			: A semi-qualitative survey of the Nordic Cleantech market of demands and where further support will be needed to accelerate a sustainable development and efficient use of environmental friendly technology

Nordic CleanTechMarket Survey : A semi-qualitative survey of the Nordic Cleantech market of demands and where further support will be needed to accelerate a sustainable development and efficient use of environmental friendly technology »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Per Olof Stark , and Bengt Simonsson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289321570

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Negative Environmental Impact, Waste Handling, Waste Water Purification, Energy (power Plants and District Heating), Real Estate, Vehicle Handling

Municipalities, counties and similar public organizations represent a dominating share of negative environmental impact in society. The result of this project will, in the long run, be a major increase of awareness...

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Martin Bo Hansen , Sigrud Næss-Schmidt , and Jens Sand Kirk

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323055

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Price of Emitting CO2, EU Level, Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), ETS Price, Electricity to Finance Renewable Energy Investments, Transport Costs

Increasing the price of emitting CO2 into the atmosphere is a forceful instrument. At the EU level, this is pursued through the common Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). At the national level, the ETS price is compleme...

New Entrant Allocation in the Nordic Energy Sectors
			:  - An Update

New Entrant Allocation in the Nordic Energy Sectors : - An Update »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316163

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Technologies and Member States, Evidence of Progress, Competitiveness of Member States, Energy Sector, Significantly Reduce, Recommendation for the Future

This report presents an update of the findings of the TemaNord2006:516. The original report showed that phase I allocation plans can distort competition between fuels, technologies and member states. This update sh...

Promotion of renewable energy in the Nordic countries
			: Opportunities for harmonization of instruments

Promotion of renewable energy in the Nordic countries : Opportunities for harmonization of instruments »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Gunnar Aronsen , Kristian Gautesen , Atle Middtun , Mats Nilsson , Juha Ollikainen , Juha Ruokonen , and Anna-Maija Turkama

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317825

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Working Group, Renewable Energy, Literature Review, Interviews of Selected Companies, Interviews of Selected Organisations, GreenStream Network Ltd

This study was commissioned by the Nordic Working Group for Renewable Energy in January 2008. The report is based on a literature review, interviews of selected companies and organisations and market expertise and...

Greenhouse gas emissions from international aviation - Nordic perspectives

Greenhouse gas emissions from international aviation - Nordic perspectives »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9789289310260

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, UN Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Assessment of Opportunities, Methodologies and Principles for Allocation, International Aviation

The emissions of greenhouse gas from international aviation are growing rapidly. According to figures from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change the emissions from international aviation has inc...

Nordic low CO2 emission scenarios - implemented in the GAINS model
			: Potential impacts on air pollution following Nordic low greenhouse gas emission initiatives. Scenario analysis performed with the GAINS model

Nordic low CO2 emission scenarios - implemented in the GAINS model : Potential impacts on air pollution following Nordic low greenhouse gas emission initiatives. Scenario analysis performed with the GAINS model »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jenny Arnell , Stefan Åström , Jesper Bak , Maria Lindblad , and Antti Tohka

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320825

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Technical Measures, Nordic Energy System, Environmental Benefits, European Air Quality Targets, Nordic Strategies, Air Pollution Emission Reduction

The results from this study show that the technical measures to avoid Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and air pollutants in a Nordic energy system in many cases can result in cost savings for society due to reduced...

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

From the Editor

From the Editor »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2015

Volume/Issue: 52/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2015

ISBN: 9781475537161

Keywords: energy, carbon, emissions, climate, investment

This article presents an overview of the life of Richard Layard, who believes that the basic purpose of economics is the maximization of happiness and well-being. As director of the Wellbeing Programme at the Londo...

People in Economics: A Generous-Hearted Life

People in Economics: A Generous-Hearted Life »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2015

Volume/Issue: 52/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2015

ISBN: 9781475537161

Keywords: energy, carbon, emissions, climate, investment

This article presents an overview of the life of Richard Layard, who believes that the basic purpose of economics is the maximization of happiness and well-being. As director of the Wellbeing Programme at the Londo...

The Low-Carbon Road: The twin challenges of poverty and climate change are tightly interwoven

The Low-Carbon Road: The twin challenges of poverty and climate change are tightly interwoven »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2015

Volume/Issue: 52/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2015

ISBN: 9781475537161

Keywords: energy, carbon, emissions, climate, investment

This article presents an overview of the life of Richard Layard, who believes that the basic purpose of economics is the maximization of happiness and well-being. As director of the Wellbeing Programme at the Londo...