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Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Source: Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2011/252

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462324422

Keywords: child mortality, child welfare, food security, maternal mortality, early childhood

Mauritania's poverty reduction strategy paper is based on a broadly participatory process and serves as the policy framework for the country's economic and social policies. The focus is to accelerate economic growt...

Composition of Government Expenditure, Human Capital Accumulation, and Welfare

Composition of Government Expenditure, Human Capital Accumulation, and Welfare »

Source: Composition of Government Expenditure, Human Capital Accumulation, and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2000/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Matovu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451843255

Keywords: government expenditure, welfare, growth, expenditure, expenditures, capital stock, tax financing

This paper uses a dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated to Ugandan data to examine the welfare effects of alternative scenarios of government expenditure and tax financing. Two expenditure types are consider...

Obstacles to International Policy Coordination, and How to Overcome Them

Obstacles to International Policy Coordination, and How to Overcome Them »

Source: Obstacles to International Policy Coordination, and How to Overcome Them

Volume/Issue: 2013/11

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484334188

Keywords: Welfare, International cooperation, Economic policy, Policy Coordination, Uncertainty, Guideposts

In bilateral and multilateral surveillance, countries are often urged to consider alternative policies that would result in superior outcomes for the country itself and, perhaps serendipitously, for the world econo...

The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in Honduras

The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in Honduras »

Source: The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in Honduras

Volume/Issue: 2008/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Locke Newhouse , Irene Yackovlev , and Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870268

Keywords: welfare distribution, per, distribution of income, direct taxes, distributional effects,

This paper uses household survey data to estimate the incidence of tax and spending programs in Honduras. Any such exercise is fraught with difficulty, so our simplifying assumptions are carefully explained. Rather...

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy »

Source: Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy : Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases

Volume/Issue: 2012/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , and Ruben Atoyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475512878

Keywords: government expenditure and related policies, welfare, social assistance, gas consumption, gas demand, gas imports, gas pricing policy, welfare., General,

Ukraine's gas pricing policy subsidizes gas and heating for all households. As the cost of imported gas rises, this policy increasingly weighs on government finances, sustains energy over-consumption, dampens inves...

Job-Specific Investment and the Cost of Dismissal Restrictions

Job-Specific Investment and the Cost of Dismissal Restrictions »

Source: Job-Specific Investment and the Cost of Dismissal Restrictions : The Case of Portugal

Volume/Issue: 2003/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): H. Takizawa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451849752

Keywords: Dismissal restrictions, worker mobility, job-specific investment, welfare, worker, wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Labor Contracts

Using a search and matching labor market equilibrium model, this paper quantifies lost labor productivity and consumption per worker that emerges from the restrictions on dismissals. Dismissal restrictions hamper t...

Public Pension Reform: A Primer

Public Pension Reform: A Primer »

Source: Public Pension Reform : A Primer

Volume/Issue: 2007/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Jousten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865929

Keywords: household behavior, welfare programs, demographic trends, pension, social insurance, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The present paper reviews key issues in pension design and pension reform encountered all across the world. The paper heavily refers to the recent U.S. Social Security reform debate in general and to the Personal R...

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS »

Source: Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Volume/Issue: 2003/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker , and N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854107

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, value of statistical life, life expectancy, mortality rates, hiv, prevalence rate, Health: General, Welfare and Poverty: General, General Welfare, Economic Development: General,

The paper evaluates the impact of HIV/AIDS on welfare in several countries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Unlike studies focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS on GDP per capita, we evaluate the impact of increased...

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model »

Source: The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model

Volume/Issue: 2019/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisandro Abrego , Maria Alejandra Amado , Tunc Gursoy , Garth Nicholls , and Hector Perez-Saiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498314398

Keywords: Economic integration, Open economies, International trade agreements, Trade finance, Comparative advantage, AfCFTA, welfare, general equilibrium, trade barriers, welfare gain

In March 2018, representatives of member countries of the African Union signed the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement. This agreement provides a framework for trade liberalization in goods and s...

It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT

It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT »

Source: It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT : Measuring the Welfare Benefits of the IT Revolution Across Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854022

Keywords: welfare benefits, real gdp, benefits, national income, gdp per capita, Welfare Economics: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Comparative Studies of Countries,

This paper analyzes the welfare benefits from falling relative prices of IT (information technology) goods across a wide range of countries. We find, using two separate methodologies and datasets, that welfare bene...