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Currency Substitution in Developing Countries

Currency Substitution in Developing Countries »

Source: Currency Substitution in Developing Countries : An Introduction

Volume/Issue: 1992/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845884

Keywords: Exchange rates, Developing countries, Currency substitution, Inflation, foreign currency, exchange rate, inflation tax

This paper reviews the main policy and analytical issues related to currency substitution in developing countries. The paper discusses, first, whether currency substitution should be encouraged or not; second, how...

Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict

Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict »

Source: Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict

Volume/Issue: 2006/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864182

Keywords: inflation tax, inflation tax rate, monetary fund, average inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy,

This paper presents and then tests a political economy model to analyze the observed positive relationship between income inequality and inflation. The model's key features are unequal access to both inflation-hedg...

1 Interest Rates and Tax Treatment of Interest Income and Expense: Fiscal Affairs Department

1 Interest Rates and Tax Treatment of Interest Income and Expense: Fiscal Affairs Department »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

In recent years the Executive Directors of the International Monetary Fund have expressed concern over the effects on the level and variability of interest rates arising from differential tax treatment of in...

2 Recent Literature on the Impact of Taxation and Inflation on Interest Rates: Uri Ben-Zion

2 Recent Literature on the Impact of Taxation and Inflation on Interest Rates: Uri Ben-Zion »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

The effect of inflation on nominal interest rates, which was discussed extensively by Irving Fisher (1930), has received renewed attention in the economic literature since the early 1970s. The coincidence of...

3 Recent Literature on the Impact of Taxation and Inflation on the International Financial Market: Uri Ben-Zion

3 Recent Literature on the Impact of Taxation and Inflation on the International Financial Market: Uri Ben-Zion »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

In addition to short-run capital flows arising from balance of trade disequilibria, international capital movements are generated by financial incentives created by interest rate differentials across countri...

4 Level and Volatility of U.S. Interest Rates: Roles of Expected Inflation, Real Rates, and Taxes

4 Level and Volatility of U.S. Interest Rates: Roles of Expected Inflation, Real Rates, and Taxes »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

This paper analyzes the major forces affecting the behavior of interest rates, placing particular emphasis on the unusually high levels and variability of rates in recent years. The approach is eclectic in t...

5 Inflation and the Incidence of Income Taxes on Interest Income in the United States, 1972–81

5 Inflation and the Incidence of Income Taxes on Interest Income in the United States, 1972–81 »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

Inflation affects individuals and income classes in their roles as consumers, taxpayers, wage earners, savers, asset holders, lenders, borrowers, etc. Because of this multiplicity of influences, it is diffic...

6 Inflationary Expectations, Taxes, and the Demand for Money in the United States

6 Inflationary Expectations, Taxes, and the Demand for Money in the United States »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

In his excellent article on the demand for money, Goldfeld cites Harry Johnson to the effect that the lack of “American evidence that the expected rate of change of prices enters the demand for money … [was]...

7 Inflation, Taxation, and the Rate of Interest in Eight Industrial Countries, 1961–82

7 Inflation, Taxation, and the Rate of Interest in Eight Industrial Countries, 1961–82 »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

High interest rates in recent years have given new importance to the theories of interest rate determination and to the relationship between inflation and interest rates. Questions have arisen as to the impa...

8 Financial Market Taxation and International Capital Flows

8 Financial Market Taxation and International Capital Flows »

Source: Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1984

ISBN: 9780939934331

Keywords: interest, tax, interest rates, inflation, income

Extensive literature exists on the various relationships between inflation, interest rates, and exchange rates and on their interconnections in an integrated international capital market. Very little of this...